Bikaner Tour | Bikaner Tourist Places | Bikaner Sightseeing

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Bikaner - Quick Facts

Area: 155 Sq. km 
Altitude: 242 Meters
Population: 644,406
Season: October to March
Clothing: Summer- Light tropical, Winter- Light woolen
Rainfall: 31 cm
Languages: Hindi, Rajasthan and Mewari


Five hundred years ago, a desert chieftain established his kingdom here, and over the centuries it has grown into an impressive town on the strength of its valorous and diplomatic resident. Bikaner city is bolstered by imposing walls and has a 16th century fort housing old palaces, temples and a mosque. Founded by Raja Rai Singh, the fort is distinguished by its long range of 37 pavilions, a line of balconies and aerial windows of varying designs. Its central fort offered the occupants safety from invaders, while inside, the rulers designed some beautiful apartments that carried echoes of opulence and in rain starved Bikaner-the images of monsoon clouds.

The city, however, has remained in many ways, timeless. Nearby is Deshnoke where, in a marble-fronted temple, rats are offered sanctuary for they are considered sacred. And at Gajner is a former hunting lodge by a lake. Conversation efforts have declared it a sanctuary. Till a few decades ago, Gajner was particularly celebrated for its imperial sandgrouse shoots, diplomatically arranged by Maharaja Ganga Singh for viceregal visitors.


By Air
The nearest airport is Jodhpur 235 km.

By Rail
Bikaner is on the metre gauge network with convenient connections from Delhi and Jodhpur.

By Road
Bikaner is well connected by road
Jodhpur 250 km, Jaisalmer 320 km, Ajmer 280 km, Jaipur 330 km.


Junagarh Fort
The fort of Bikaner, Junagarh, however, was built in 1593 by Raja Rai Singh who also served as a general in the army of Emperor Akbar. Made from red sandstone and encircled by a moat around which the modern city of Bikaner has spread in a somewhat erratic fashion, Junagarh consists of several palaces and apartments in a remarkable state of preservation. The art of mason and sculptor is most obvious in the recreation of delicate stone screens, kiosks, pavilions and a series of arched entrances to buildings reached entrances to buildings reached from corridors that have windows overlooking the city beyond.

Anup Mahal
Anup Mahal courtyard has a throne set in a pool of water, bringing alive the sensitivity the rulers showed in their building environment. A formal set of sandstone staircases, and the wooden Durbar Hall are additions made early in this century by Maharaja Ganga Singh.

Badal Mahal
Recreates paintings of clouds on its walls, a reminder of the monsoon that often failed the settlement.

Phool Mahal, Chandra Mahal
They give the impression of a rich inlay of pietra dura, though in fact the apartments are merely richly painted. The paintings have been preserved as good as new because of the extremely dry heat conditions of the desert town.

Ganga Golden Jubilee Museum
It is one of the best in Rajasthan, and stores artifacts from the pre-Harappan civilisations, the Gupta and Kushan eras.

Gaj Mandir
The Gaj Mandir was Maharaja Gaj Singh's (1745-1787) private chambers. The Maharaja's chamber has painted wooden ceilings and ivory doors. The Maharani's chambers had mirrored tiles and gold painting and the wooden ceiling is covered in lac painting.

Hawa Mahal
The Hawa Mahal (Palace of Winds) was the summer palace of Maharaja Dunga Singh. It is said that the mirror over the bed of the Maharaja was for defence purposes, in that he could see anyone walking across the courtyard and approaching this palace. The ceiling has paintings of Lord Krishna dancing and the blue tiles in the palace were imported from China as well as Europe.

Daulatpol
This gate has handprints next to it to commemorate the wives of those Rajput warriors who died in battle. The wives would perform the sacrificial rites of sati by throwing themselves on their husbands' funeral pyres.


Camel Breeding Farm
10 km away, is probably the only one of its kind in Asia, and is managed by the government.

Gajner Wildlife Sanctuary
32 km away, is located on the Jaisalmer road. Bluebull, chinkara and black buck can be found. There are flocks of imperial sand grouse too. The erstwhile hunting lodge is now a hotel.

Deshnoke
Karni Mata's temple, 33km away, is situated on the Jodhpur road, and is devoted to an incarnation of Durga.

Kolayatji (50 km)
A sacred spot, dedicated to Kapil Muni. The temple here is the venue for a fair in the month of Kartik (Oct.- Nov.), attracting thousands of pilgrims. Kolayat is an idyllic picnic spot as well.

Kalibangan (205 km)
The extensive remains of the pre-Harappan and Harappan civilizations, found at this place in the Hanumangarh district, are of immense interest to archaeology enthusiasts.
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Camel Festival in between the month of January & February.

Karni Mata Fair: Devotees of the Mata throng Deshnoke, and worship Goddess Durga and her incarnations, offer prayers to the Mata herself, on this occasion, which falls on the 9th day of Navratra. The fair is held twice a year - April/May, October/November.

Kapil Muni Fair is also known as Kolayat Fair because of its location, this is a piligrimage centre where, on the occasion of the full moon, there is a range of camel trading activities in between the month of October & November.
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Bikener has its own peculiar items, typical to this region; its articles made of camel and sheep, wool carpets and woolen items, wood and leather products. The Bikaneri Bhujia, Rasgulla and sweets are popular all over India. Shopping areas include inside Kot Gate, King Edwaed Memorial Road, Khadi Industries Institute, Station Road, urmil Trust at Junagarh Fort.

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