Nepal Trip | Visit to Nepal | Holiday in Nepal | Travel to Nepal

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Nepal is a small landlocked country in central Asia in the Himalayan Mountains, bordered by China in the north and India in the east, west and south. Nepal comprises three major areas: forests and cultivatable land in the south; the mighty Himalayas, including Mt. Everest in the north; and moderately high mountains in the central region, which contains the Kathmandu valley. Kathmandu is the capital and the largest city. Nepal's beautiful landscape has been a blessing and has attracted a lot of visitors from different parts of the world. Nepal may not be very large in size, but here you will find highest mountain and historic temples on earth, enchanting cultures and tropical jungle wildlife and most of all the friendliest people you have ever met.
Nepal, birthplace of the Buddha, roof of the world, land of the legend, beauty-within its narrow confines contains an amazing range of culture and physical environment, presenting one with an abundance of contrasts and experiences. From the vast sweep of the Himalayan peaks in the north to the subtropical expanse of open country side and wild jungles to the south, squares brimming with fairy tale temple and palaces to the timeless remote and untouched villages. It is an open invitation to gain precious insight into a fast disappearing world and embark on truly life enhanced journeys of discovery.
Being at that confluence, the intruding of culture icons cannot be better showcased where it would be difficult to distinguish between what is northern Tibetan and southern Indian. It’s where Buddhism and Hinduism have influenced and to a high degree. Thus if you asked a Nepali his religious he may reply Hindu but a Buddhist too. The greatest binding factor across the Himalayan valleys has been this spiritual mix stirred by rituals. Both thoughts stem from a series of beautiful spiritual streams composed over long periods of time, the earliest around 700 B.C., the latest around the late medieval. By their spirituality, the Upanishads, unlike the Vedas, where more concerned with practice than mere devotion.
There are a few countries with geography as diverse as Nepal’s. Within its narrow borders you will find a complete climate range, from tropical to temperate, alpine to arctic. Within this spectacular geography is also found one of the richest diverse cultural landscapes.
The Himalayas extends from Assam in eastern India to Afghanistan in the west and is the highest and youngest mountain chain on earth. To the North lies China and the rest of Nepal’s borders are shared with India.


Nepal has a long glorious history. Its civilization can be traced back to thousands of years before the birth of Christ. A Hindu-Buddhist culture flourished in the Kathmandu valley by the 4th century A.D. In the Middle Ages many small principalities were established. The Gurkhas, one of these, became dominant in 1768. In 1816, after a war with the British, Nepal adopted a policy of seclusion from foreign contacts. Internal power struggles led in 1846 to the dominance of the Rana family, which controlled the country until 1951. Under the Rana, Nepal was isolated from foreign influence, and there was little economic modernization. Nepal was granted independence in 1951 and a limited constitutional monarchy was established. After a brief period of democracy (1959-60), political activity was banned. A form of party less government, the Panchayat system, was set up (1962), with executive power resting in the king. This system was narrowly approved (1980) in a national referendum. In 1990 protests led to the abolition of the Panchayat system and the reestablishment of democracy and a constitutional monarchy. Long influenced by India, Nepal has recently developed closer ties with China. During the past 40 years Nepal has diversified its economy and developed a basic infrastructure with Herculean efforts.
 After successful revolution in April 2007 and then conclusion of a political agreement in December 2007, Nepal was able to announce a new date for the Constituent Assembly Election. The election had took place on 10 April 2008. At the first session of the Constituent Assembly on 28 May, it voted to declare Nepal a federal democratic republic, thereby abolishing the monarchy. Five hundred sixty four members of the Constituent Assembly voted on this motion, with 560 in favor and four opposed. Moreover the major parties agreed on the creation of the position of President, while the Prime Minister was to hold executive powers.

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Covering an area of 147,181 sq km, Nepal shares a border with India in the west, south and east and with the Tibetan Autonomous Region of China in the north. Kanchan Kalan in Jhapa district is the lowest point at 70m above sea level and the summit of Mt. Everest at 8,848 m is the highest. From east to west, Nepal is 800 km long and only 230 km. north to south at its widest. Within this narrow stretch of land there is incredible diversity in topography ranging from a sub-tropical climate in the tarai (plains) to Alpine conditions in the Himalayan regions. Mountains, mid hills, valleys, lakes and plains dominate the landscape of this landlocked country. Eight of the fourteen peaks over eight thousand meters lie in Nepal including Everest, the highest in the world.
 Nepal also has an abundance of rivers most of which originate in the Himalaya while some flow down from Tibet. They all flow on to India, many of them joining the holy Ganges. High amid the mountains there are glacial lakes and spectacular valleys where few people venture. Recent physiographic data show that around 4.27 million hectares (29 % of total land area) is made up of forests, 1.56 million hectares (10.6%) of scrubland and degraded forest, 1.7 million hectares (12%) of grassland, 3.0 million hectares (21%) of farmland and 1.0 million hectares (7%) of un-cultivated land.
 Climatic conditions within Nepal vary from one place to another in accordance with the geographical features. In the north, summers are cool and winters severe, while in the south summers are sub-tropical and winters mild. The monsoon that brings rain from June through September affects most of the country except those that lie in the rain-shadow areas like Mustang which is within Nepal but a part of the Tibetan plateau. Large tracts of forested land have been preserved as national parks and wildlife reserves where endangered species like the Royal Bengal tiger and the Greater one-horned rhinoceros roam freely along with an amazing variety of mammals and reptiles that include bear, leopards, hyenas, wild boar, wild elephants, monitor lizards, crocodiles, pythons, turtles and various species of insects and birds. Nepal is home to almost 10 percent of the world's bird species among which 500 species are found in the Kathmandu valley alone.
 The most abundant natural resource in Nepal is water. Much of the rivers have been harnessed for hydro-power but they also play a crucial role in tourism as most of them are suitable for adventure sports like kayaking and rafting.
The Himalayas are not merely a source of revenue through mountaineering and trekking, they are also mined for quartz, lignite, copper, cobalt and iron ore. The scenic beauty of the countryside attracts hordes of trekkers while there seems to be an ever increasing number of mountaineers attempting to climb the hundreds of peaks that have been opened for climbing.

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The art and architecture of Nepal is deeply influenced by the religion. Unique craftsmanship can be found in temples, architecture, shrines, fountains and the design of religious objects. Art and religion is so deeply interlocked that it is impossible to separate the one from the other. All art forms express both Hindu and Buddhist iconography.
 The total population of Nepal was 26, 427, and 99 in 2007. The population comprises people of more than 100 multiple ethnic groups who speak about 93 different languages and dialects which are further divided into different castes. The distinction in caste still plays a significant part in a Nepali’ life when it comes to marriage.
 Some of the main ethnic groups are: Gurungs and Magars who live mainly in the western region; Rais, Limbus and Sunwars who live in the eastern middle hills; Sherpas, Manangbas and Lopas who live near the mountains of Everest, Annapurna and Mustang respectively; Newars who live in and around the Kathmandu valley; Tharus, Yadavas, Satar, Rajvanshis and Dhimals who live in the Tarai region; and Brahmins, Chhetris and Thakuris generally spread over all parts of the country.
 Culture is embedded in the high peaks of Nepal, tradition flows with its rivers, art traverses through its valleys and religion lies in the heart of its people. Nepal, in short, is a country where art, culture and religion are a part of life of the inhabitants. People celebrate every moment with aroma, adding novelty to the traditions without affecting their essence.

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Nepal can be visited throughout the year, although activities like Safari Excursions, Rafting, Trekking and Mountain flights are best from October to May.
 Area: 147,181 sq. km.
 Geography: Situated between China in the North and India in the South
Capital: Kathmandu
 Population: 26 million people
 Time: +5 hrs. 45 mins, ahead of Greenwich Mean Time & 15 mins from Indian standard time
Language: 30 languages and dialects and as many distinct ethnic groups. Nepali is the official language and English is understood and spoken by majority of the people in Kathmandu valley and other major cities.
 Currency: 1 US$ = 81.7 Nepalese Rupees as of January, 2012
 Political System: Multi-party Democracy with constitutional monarchy.
 Religion: Major religions are Hinduism (90%), Buddhism (6%), Islam (3%) and the rest (1%) comprise of catholic and others, and there is a harmonious blending of Hinduism and Buddhism.

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Nepal has four major seasons, namely
 •        Winter: December-February
•        Spring: March-May
•        Summer: July-August
•        Autumn: September-November
 Nepal can be visited the whole year around.
 What to Wear
 May – October: Light weight clothing is recommended
 October – March: Warm garments are required
An umbrella or a raincoat is a must for the rainy season

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By Air
The Royal Nepal Airlines (RA) is the National Flag Carrier of Nepal with flights to/from Delhi, Hong Kong, Mumbai, Osaka, Shanghai and Singapore. Other International Airlines operating from/to Kathmandu are Aeroflot Russian Airlines(Moscow), Lauda Air(Vienna), Biman Bangladesh Airlines(Dacca), China South-West Airlines(Lhasa), Condor(Munich), Dragon Air(Hong Kong), Druk Air(Paro), Gulf Air(Abu Dhabi), Indian Airlines(Delhi, Calcutta, Varanasi), Necon Air(Patna, Varanashi), Pakistan International Airlines(Karachi), Singapore Airlines(Singapore), Qatar Airways(Doha), Thai International(Bangkok), Transavia (Amsterdam via Sharjah).

 By Land
 All visitors entering Nepal by land must use no other entry points other than
•        Kakarbhitta
•        Birgunj
•        Belhiya, Bhairahawa
 •        Nepalgunj
•        Dhangadi
•        Mahendra Nagar in the Nepal-India border and
•        Kodari in the Nepal-China border. The overland tourists entering the Kingdom with their vehicles must possess an international carnet.

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Nepal has a population of 22 million, made of different races and tribes, living in different regions, wearing different costumes, and speaking different languages and dialects. Nepal has more than 61 ethnic groups and 70 spoken languages. The Gurungs and Magars live mainly in the west. The Rais, Limbus and Sunuwars inhabit the slopes and valleys of the eastern mid hills. The Sherpas live in east Himalayan region up to an average altitude of 4570 m. The Newar is an important ethnic group in the capital valley Kathmandu. There are Tharus, Yardavs, Satar, Rajvanshis and Dhimals in the Terai region. The Brahmans, Chhetri, and Thakuris are spread over regions of the Kingdom.


The two major religions practiced in Nepal are Hinduism and Buddhism with a majority of the people being Hindus. The two have co-existed through the ages and many Hindu idols are found within Buddhist shrines. Hindus visit Buddhist shrines and Buddhists visit Hindu temples without a second thought as many worship in both. Some gods and goddesses are shared by Hinduism and Buddhism although they have been given different names. The other religions practiced in Nepal are: Islam, Christianity, Jainism, Sikhism and Bon. Some of the earliest inhabitants like the Kirants practice their own kind of religion based on ancestor worship and the Tharus practice animism. Over the years, Hinduism and Buddhism have been influenced by these practices which have been modified to form a synthesis of newer beliefs.

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Shop till you drop” should be your motto as Kathmandu is a shoppers’ paradise. The remarkable choices of handicrafts made in Nepal are immensely popular throughout the world. The brilliant workmanship and artistic creations are unique. Much of the handicrafts also carry religious significance and in fact many are meant for religious purposes. Nepal ranks high when it comes to making statues and statuettes of copper, bronze, silver or gold. Exquisite wood carvings are in great demand and entire beds made of carved wood are exported to the west fetching mind boggling prices. Extremely popular and exported regularly are the wood carved windows. Recently products made of rice paper have been quite popular and amazingly a large number of funny hats are exported. Other souvenir pieces are the famous Gurkha knife or Khukuri, prayer wheels, stone carvings, singing bowls, papier-mâché masks, thangkas and pauvas, pashmina, carpets, jewelry, etc.
 Here are numerous tourist shops on the main streets and in the hotel arcades brimming with tempting jewelry, statues, and other typical Nepalese handicraft. Thangka is one of the best buys in Nepal. Each place has its specialty product which is unique. Bhaktapur, for instance, is the place to buy pottery. The Traditional Craftsman's Colony in Patan is a famous center for Nepalese handicraft. You may get carved-wooden items while at Patan. As for jewelry, buyers can opt for loose gems or custom-made items.
 Besides handicraft, Nepal is also a good place for genuine luxury goods. With a host of departmental stores and shopping plazas offering international brand-name products, Kathmandu has become a haven for the serious shopper. Browsers will enjoy the city's numerous traditional markets that overflow with vegetables, fruits and other.

 Woodwork
 Woodcraft is the specialty of the Newar artisans of the Kathmandu Valley. Among the items that you may wish to purchase while in Kathmandu are wooden picture frames and windows. These range widely in prices according to the type of wood used, the care that has gone into its making, and the details that have been worked into it. Some artisans are able to produce three windows a day while some take over a month to produce one. However, windows and frames are not the only items on sale. Statues of gods, erotic carvings, traditional figures, and carvings with modern motifs are also available. The artisans are able to come up with specially designed works of art according to specifications and quality required. The wooden images are made by using tools that were used a thousand years ago.

 Metalwork
 The metal work is also exceptional. Statues of high quality are available for prices ranging from a few thousand rupees to hundred thousand including gold inlaid life-sized works. The lost wax method is used to create these works of art. The wax figure is covered with clay and put in the sun to dry. Once ready, the wax is melted out and molten metal poured into the clay hollow. When the metal cools down and sets, the clay covering is destroyed and careful work with hammer, chisel and sanding material follows. The metal statue is then painted as per the specifications of religion or as per the request of the client.
 Gurkha Khukuri is one-of-a-kind knives found only in Nepal. Price ranges according to the hardness of the blade and the origin of its make. Khukuris made in locations like Chainpur, Bhojpur, and Dhankuta in east Nepal are excellent and ornate knives for decor are also available.

 Carpets
 Tibetan carpets are popular floor coverings in Europe and much of Nepal's foreign exchange earnings have come from the sale of carpets in the past two decades. The designs are traditional as well as modern. The modern designs have been created by some of the best artists working today in Europe and the products of the better manufacturers have graced many a Tibetan rug collection. Today, special effort is being made to break into the American and Japanese markets with special designs and quality rugs. Rugs usually come in three knot-counts: 100, 80, and 60. Thamel shops have many rugs on display however, if you wish for something special, you may wish to contact the manufacturers directly.

Gems & Jewellery
 For hundreds of years, scroll paintings have decorated the walls of monasteries, temples, and homes in East Asia. Especially, the Tibetan and Newar styles come from a time when these cultures were at their peak. Most of the older surviving scroll paintings are reminders of a period when the rulers and the public were concentrating upon the arts as offerings to the deities. They bring back memories of a people who thought that every incident displayed the mood of the lords in heaven: earthquakes, fire glowing in the kitchen, snowfall, floods, good harvests, and sunshine.
 The value of a thangka or paubha depends upon the fineness with which each detail is executed and the perfect mixing of the colors. The life-force of deities is believed to be brought down by masterfully executed paintings. Since the secret road to their powers is like a mathematical formula, the geometry of the painting is very important. The prices of thangkas range widely. A pretty but roughly done tourist-product may be obtained for about two dollars while a gold layered masterpiece costs well over 200 dollars.
 In Nepal, gold and silver jewellery are popular among the local women. The goldsmiths are skilled and can produce rings, necklaces, and bracelets in a short time. Most jewelers inform customers about the quality of their gold and silver.

 Hand–Woven Cloths
 Many weavers in the Valley produce hand-woven cotton cloth of many colors and patterns. Visitors will find beautifully designed clothing and fabrics in Kathmandu's shops. The Magars of western Nepal also weave fabrics for readymade garments. Tussar which is the best Nepalese silk is not shiny but has a natural glow. It is made from an undomesticated forest worm found in the southern jungle regions. The Newars of the Kathmandu Valley and the Rai people of eastern Nepal have passed on the tradition of making blockprinted paper and cloth to modern producers.

 Paper Products
 Traditional Nepalese paper, popularly known as "rice paper" is actually made of lokta bark found in remote areas of the country. Because of its strength, government offices use it for official documents. Many stores in Thamel and Patan sell writing pads and bound journals, as well as calendars and lamp shades of lokta paper.

 Practicalities
 There are government restrictions that visitors should be aware of before purchasing items to take home. Antiques are not permitted to be taken out of Nepal. An inspection by the Department of Archaeology is required for any exports of antiques. To be on the safe side, visitors should have antique Tibetan carpets, old thangkas, and metal statues examined by the Department of Archaeology. They should then obtain a certificate from the office before leaving Nepal. You can ask for help from travel agents and some of the shop owners. The Department of Archaeology is located in the National Archives Building on Ramshah Path, south of Singha Durbar.

 Baskets
 In the Terai region, baskets used for household and decorative purposes are made from grass. The baskets come in different shapes and sizes according to their application. For example, the baji picha is a basket used for serving beaten rice and the dalcha, a covered basket, is used for storing goods.
 Raw jute which is one of Nepal's largest exports is grown in the southern Terai region and made into baskets and other materials. In the past, many Nepalese women wore shoes made of jute after child-birth, believing that it would promote cleanliness.

 Note
 All handicraft items above 100 years are termed ‘antique’ and taking them out of the country is illegal and a serious offense. But the rest of the handicraft items particularly made of stone, metal and wood or paintings or any handicraft resembling historical artifacts need a clearance certificate from the Department of Archaeology in Kathmandu (near the Supreme Court) before being exported. Please take the purchase receipt for clearance of the same.

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Kathmandu / Nagarkot                  35 kms
Kathmandu / Dhulikhel                  30 kms
Kathmandu / Pokhara                  210 kms
Kathmandu / Daman                  80 kms
Kathmandu / Machan                  185 kms
Kathmandu /Tiger Tops                  195 kms
Kathmandu / Bharatpur                  148 kms
Kathmandu / Lumbini                  375 kms
Pokhara / Lumbini                  395 kms
Pokhara /Tiger Top                  175 kms
Pokhara / Machan                  167 kms
Pokhara / Machan                  167 kms

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It is easy to be overwhelmed by the seemingly uncountable monuments in the Kathmandu Durbar Square. The house of the Living Goddess, the ferocious Kal Bhairab, the red monkey god, and hundreds of erotic carvings are a few examples of the sights at the Square! The buildings here are the greatest achievements of the Malla dynasty, and they resulted from the great rivalry between the three palaces of Kathmandu, Patan, and Bhaktapur. The Valley was divided among the children of Yaksya Malla. For visitors today, and for the Nepalese, it was serendipitous that they, and later their offsprings, began an artistic warfare trying to outdo each other in splendid constructions. Kings copied everything their neighbors built in an even grander style. A visitor who wanders around the Square will see a round temple in the pagoda architectural style, the temple of Goddess Taleju (who played dice with King Jaya Prakash Malla), and an image of Shiva and Parbati sitting together among the many monuments.
The Square is teeming with colorful life. Vendors sell vegetables, curios, flutes, and other crafts around the Kastamandap rest house. This rest house is said to have been built with the wood of a single tree and is the source from which the Kathmandu Valley got its name. Nearby are great drums which were beaten to announce royal decrees. All woodcarvings, statues, and architecture in this area are exceptionally fine, and Kathmandu Durbar Square is among the most important sights for travelers to see.

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The square boasts of many famous sites and unique architecture. Krishna Mandir in the Patan Durbar Square was built to honor an incarnation of Vishnu. Krishna fought by the side of the Pandavs in the Mahabharata war to assure that truth would prevail. He was a favorite among the gopini cow girls. His temple is the best example of stone architecture in Nepal. Scenes from the Mahabharata, Asia's greatest mythological war, are carved on the temple's walls.
The Bhimsen temple which honors Bhim - great wrestler, brother of the Pandavs, and a deity to Nepalese businessmen - contains fine samples of metal craft. The best place, however, to see metal sculpture is the Hiranya Varna Mahabihar, the "Golden Temple." It is a Newar monastery which contains wall paintings, fourteenth century statues, and scriptures. Its front facade is mostly covered in bronze. Note the stone gates and the figures upon them. These were built by Silakars whose descendants are active in the woodcarving industry today. Also interesting are the four metal monkeys at the corners of the temple. Monkeys have been featured in the temple decor of Nepal for several hundred years.
The Sundari Chowk contains exquisite samples of woodcarvings, stone, and metal sculpture. A huge stone platform in this chowk is the seat of a pious king who endured great penance in search of eternal bliss. It is said that he slept outside on this chilly stone platform in the bitter cold of Kathmandu winters and spent hours in the monsoon rains.
Other sites including the Mahaboudha Temple and Uku Bahal are only a few minutes walk away from the square. The streets in this area are home to inetal sculptors of the present day. Many more temples dedicated to Ganesh, the elephant-headed god, Shiva, Narasingha, Taleju, and others are situated in the Patan Durbar Square.

The major attraction of Patan Durbar Square are:
1.        Krisnhna Mandir
2.        Mahabouddha
3.        Kwa Bahal "Golden Temple"
4.        Kumbeshwor
5.        The Ashokan Stupas
6.        Achheswor Mahavihar
7.        Temple of Machhendranath and Minnath


Bhaktapur Durbar Square is a conglomeration of pagoda and shikhara-style temples grouped around a fifty-five window palace of brick and wood. The square is one of the most charming architectural showpieces of the Valley as it highlights the ancient arts of Nepal. The golden effigies of kings perched on the top of stone monoliths, the guardian deities looking out from their sanctuaries, the wood carvings in every place-struts, lintels, uplefts, tympanums, gateways and windows-all seem to form a well-orchestrated symphony.

The main items of interest in the Durbar Square are:
The Lion Gate: Dating as far back as A.D. 1696, this gate is guarded on either side by two huge statues of lions. Alongside, there are two stone images of Bhairab (the dreadful aspect of Shiva) and Ugrachandi (the consort of Shiva in her fearful manifestation).
The Golden Gate: The Golden Gate is said to be the most beautiful and richly moulded specimen of its kind in the entire world. The door is surmounted by a figure of the goddess Kali and Garuda (the mythical man-bird) and attended by two heavenly nymphs. It is also embellished with mythical creatures of marvelous intricacy, In the words of Percy Brown, an eminent English art critic and historian, the Golden Gate is the loveliest piece of art in the whole Kingdom. It is placed like a jewel, flashing innumerable facets in the handsome setting of its surroundings. The gate was erected by King Ranjit Malla and is the entrance of the main courtyard of the Palace of Fifty-five Windows.
The Palace of 55 Windows: This magnificent palace was built during the reign of King Yaksya Malla in A.D. 1427 and was subsequently remodelled by King Bhupatindra Malla in the seventeenth century. Among the brick walls with their gracious setting and sculptural design, is a balcony with Fifty-five Windows, considered to be a unique masterpiece of woodcarving.
The Art Gallery: The Art Gallery contains ancient paintings belonging to the Hindu and Buddhist traditions of various periods and descriptions. This gallery is open every day except Tuesday.
The Statue of King Bhupatindra Malla: This statue showing King Bhupatindra Malla in the act of worship is set on a column facing the palace. Of the square's many statues, this is considered to be the most magnificent.


The history of the Valley, according to the legends, begins with Swayambhu, or the "the self-existent". In times uncharted by history, Bodhisattva Manjushri came across a beautiful lake during his travel. He saw a lotus that emitted brilliant light at the lake's center, so he cut a gorge in a southern hill and drained the waters to worship the lotus. Men settled on the bed of the lake and called it the Kathmandu Valley. From then on, the hilltop of the Self-existent Lord has been a holy place.
Swayambhu's light was covered in time because few could bear its intensity. By the thirteenth century, after many layers were added to the original structure that enveloped the Lord's power, a dome-like shape had been acquired. The stupas central mast was damaged and replaced at that time. Peripheral sources of power were discovered on the hilltop as well and stupas, temples, and rest houses were built to honour them. images of important deities, both Buddhist and Hindu, were also installed. Today, age-old statues and shrines dot the stupa complex
Behind the hilltop is a temple dedicated to Manjushri of Saraswati - the goddess of learning. Swayambhu is, perhaps, the best place to observe the religious harmony in Nepal. The stupa is among the most ancient in this part of the world, and its worshippers are diverse from Newar nuns, Tibetan monks, and Brahmin priests to lay Buddhists and Hindus. The largest image of the Shakyamuni Buddha in Nepal is in a monastery next to the stupa. Other monasteries here have huge prayer wheels, fine Buddhist paintings, and special butter lamps which may be lit after presenting monetary offerings.
Swayambhu is a major landmark of the Valley and looks like a beacon below the Nagarjun hill. It provides an excellent view of the Kathmandu Valley. Devotees have climbed the steps on the eastern side for centuries. Statues of the Buddha, mini stupas, monasteries and monkeys make the climb to Swayambhu - which is fairly steep -worthwhile. But for someone who is physically disabled or is pressed for time, the western road allows you to get off your transport almost at the base of the stupa.


Bouddhanath is among the largest stupas in South Asia, and it has become the focal point of Tibetan Buddhism in Nepal. The white mound looms thirty-six meters overhead. The stupa is located on the ancient trade route to Tibet, and Tibetan merchants rested and offered prayers here for many centuries. When refugees entered Nepal from Tibet in the 1950s, many of them decided to live around Bouddhanath. They established many gompas, and the "Little Tibet" of Nepal was born. This "Little Tibet" is still the best place in the Valley to observe Tibetan lifestyle. Monks walk about in maroon robes. Tibetans walk with prayer wheels in their hands, and the rituals of prostration are presented to the Buddha as worshippers circumambulate the stupa on their hands and knees, bowing down to their lord.
Many people believe that Bouddhanath was constructed in the fifth century, but definite proof is lacking. The stupa is said to entomb the remains of a Kasyap sage who is venerable both to Buddhists and Hindus. One legend has it that a woman requested a Valley king for the donation of ground required to build a stupa. She said she needed land covered by one buffalo's skin and her wish was granted by the King. She cut a buffalo skin into thin strips and circled off a fairly large clearing. The king had no choice but to give her the land.
The Bouddha area is a visual feast. Colorful thangkas, Tibetan jewellery, hand-woven carpets, masks, and khukuri knives are sold in the surrounding stalls. Smaller stupas are located at the base. Gompa monasteries, curio shops, and restaurants surround Bouddhanath. Conveniently situated restaurants with roof-top patios provide good food and excellent views of Bouddhanath.


Pashupatinath is the holiest Hindu pilgrimage destination in Nepal. There are linga images of Shiva along with statues, shrines, and temples dedicated to other deities in the complex. A temple dedicated to Shiva existed at this site in AD 879. However, the present temple was built by King Bhupatindra Malla in 1697. A gold-plated roof, silver doors, and woodcarvings of the finest quality decorate the pagoda construction. Guheswari Temple, restored in AD 1653, represents the female "force". It is dedicated to Satidevi, Shiva's first wife, who gave up her life in the flames of her father's fire ritual.
A circuit of the Pashupati area takes visitors past a sixth-century statue of the Buddha, an eighth-century statue of Brahma the creator and numerous other temples. Some other places to visit are Rajrajeswari Temple, built in 1407, Kailas with lingas more than 1,400 years old, Gorakhnath temple, and the courtyard of Biswarup. There are rows of Shiva shrines and Hindu pilgrims from all over South Asia offering puja worship to Shiva, tile Lord of Destruction.
The Bagmati River flows close by and the Arya Ghat cremation grounds are here. We strongly advise photographers not to take photos of cremations and of bereaved families. Sadhus, sages who follow the lifestyle of Shiva, may be seen covered in ashes and loin-cloths. They ask for money in case you want to take their photos. The main Pashupatinath courtyard may be entered by those of Hindu faith only.


Narayan, or Vishnu, is the preserver of creation to Hindus. His temple near Changu village is often described as the most ancient temple in the Kathmandu Valley. A fifth century stone inscription, the oldest to be discovered in Nepal, is located in the temple compound and it tells of the victorious King Mandev. The temple now covers sixteen hundred years of Nepalese art history. The temple, built around the third century, is decorated by some of the best samples of stone, wood, and metal craft in the Valley. In the words of one tourist guide, "When you look upon Changu Narayan, you observe the complete cultural development of the Valley."
On the struts of the two-tiered Changu Narayan Temple, are the ten incarnations in which Narayan destroyed evil-doers. A sixth-century stone statue shows the cosmic form of Vishnu, while another statue recalls his dwarf incarnation when he crushed the evil king Bali. Vishnu as Narasingha disemboweling a demon is particularly stunning. The western bronze doors sparkle in the evening sunlight, dragons decorate the bells, and handsome devas stare from the walls. Garuda, half man and half bird, is the steed of Vishnu, and his life-sized statue kneels before the temple. The favourite of many tourists is the statue of Vishnu sitting astride his steed.


Shakyamuni Buddha was born in Lumbini, in southern Nepal, twenty-five hundred years ago. Lumbini has since been a holy ground for Buddhists all over the world. The restored garden and surroundings of Lumbini have the remains of many of the ancient stupas and monasteries. A large stone pillar erected by the Indian Emperor Ashoka in 250 BC bears an inscription about the birth of the Buddha.
An important part of Lumbini is the temple of Maya Devi. It has a stone image of Maya Devi giving birth to Lord Buddha as she holds onto a branch. It has been well worn by the strokes of barren women hoping for fertility. To the south of the temple is a pool where Queen Maya Devi is said to have bathed and given her son his first purification bath.
A quiet garden, shaded by the leafy Bo tree (the type of tree under which Buddha received enlightenment), and a newly planted forest nearby lend an air of tranquility which bespeaks Buddha's teachings. Lumbini is now being developed under the Master Plan of the Lumbini Development Trust, a non-governmental organization dedicated to the restoration of Lumbini and its development as a pilgrimage site. The plan, completed in 1978 by the renowned Japanese architect Kenzo Tange, will transform three square miles of land into a sacred place of gardens, pools, buildings, and groves. The development will include a Monastic Zone, the circular sacred Garden surrounding the Ashoka pillar and Maya Devi temple, and Lumbini Village, where visitors will find lodges, restaurants, a cultural center and tourist facilities.
An important archeological site near Lumbini, Kapilvastu evokes the ancient palace where Lord Buddha spent his formative years. Scattered foundations of the palace are abundant, and archeologists have by now discovered 13 successive layers of human habitation dating back to the eighth century BC. A must for archeological and historical buffs!
Besides its religious and historical significance, Lumbini offers cultural insights into the village life of southern Nepal. If possible, try to coincide your visit with the weekly Monday bazaar when villagers come from miles around to buy grains, spices, pottery, jewellery, saris and various other items. It may appear as a scene out of the Arabian Nights, with colorful merchandise spread out under the mango trees and the air perfumed with incense. It's a chance to bargain for souvenirs while witnessing local life in Lumbini. Wooden ox-carts loaded with hay trundle by. Villagers dry cow-dung for fuel, and tea stalls serve sweet milk tea.
Today, Lumbini is beginning to receive travelers and archaeologist’s attention after centuries of neglect. Serious preservation work has only just been started in the latter half of this century and Lumbini as a slice of history is worth seeing and worth preserving. Royal Nepal Airlines and other airlines fly regularly to Bhairahawa, near Lumbini, and bus services are available from Pokhara and Kathmandu.


Nepal's first and most famous national park is situated in the Chitwan Doon or the lowlands of the Inner Terai. Covering an area of 932 sq km. the park includes hilly areas of the Siwalik Range covered by deciduous sal forest. A fifth of the park is made up of the floodplains of the Narayani, Rapti, and the Reu Rivers and is covered by dense tall elephant grass interspersed with riverine forests of silk cotton (kapok), acacia and sisam trees. This ecologically diverse area is the last remaining home in Nepal for more than 300 of the endangered Asian one-horned rhinoceros and harbours one of the largest populations of the elusive and rare Royal Bengal tiger. Besides rhino and tiger, Chitwan also supports a great variety of flora and fauna. There are four species of deer, including the spotted chittal, leopard, sloth bear, wild boar, rhesus monkey, grey langur monkey, wild dog, small wild cats, the white stockinged gaur (the world's largest wild cattle) and many other smaller animals. The swampy areas and numerous oxbow lakes of Chitwan provide a home for marsh crocodiles. In a stretch of the Narayani river is found one of the few remaining populations of the rare and endangered fish-only eating gharial, or Genetic crocodile. Here also is found one of the world's four species of freshwater dolphins. For the ornithologist and the amateur bird-watcher the park offers excellent possibilities with more than 450 species recorded. Some of the resident specialties are several species of woodpeckers, hornbills, Bengal florican, and red-headed trogons. Winter birds such as waterfowl, Brahminy duck, pintails and bareheaded geese, amongst many other cold weather visitors are drawn by the sanctuary of the park's rivers. In the summer the forest is alive with nesting migrants such as the fabulous paradise flycatcher, the Indian pitta and parakeets.


Unique among natural heritage sites world-wide is the Sagarmatha National Park, which includes Mt. Everest (8,848 m) and other high peaks such as Lhotse Shar, Cho Oyu, Ama Dablam, Pumori, Kangtega, Gyachung Kang, Tharnserku and Kwangde. Located North-east of Kathmandu, Sagarmatha National Park is 1,148 sq km. in area and consists of the upper catchment areas of the Dudh Koshi, Bhote Koshi and the Imja Khola rivers. Much of the park lies above 3,000m. Sagarmatha is rugged, with deep gorges, glaciers and unnegotiable ice and rock faces. Locally known as the 'Khumbu', it is the home of the famous Sherpa people. The Sherpas make a living by farming barley and potatoes and graze their yaks in high altitude pastures. Young Sherpas have also made their name in mountaineering and the trekking industry has of late become the community's economic mainstay. In 1979 the park was declared a World Heritage Site.
Trees such as rhododendron, birch, blue pine, juniper and silver fir are found up to an altitude of 4,000 meters above which they give way to scrub and alpine plants. In late spring and summer, the hillsides around the villages of Namche Bazaar, Khumjung, Thyangboche and Thame are a riot of colours with several species of rhododendron in bloom. Wildlife most likely to be seen in Sagarmatha are the Himalaya thar, ghoral, musk deer, pikka (mouse hare) weasel and occasionally jackal. Other rarely seen animals are Himalayan black bear, wolf, lynx and snow leopard. Birds commonly seen are Impeyan pheasant, blood pheasant, snow cock, snow pigeon, red billed and yellow billed chough, Himalayan griffin vulture and lammergeier.



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All baggage must be declared and cleared through the customs on arrival at the port of entry. Passengers arriving at Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) without any dutiable goods can proceed through the Green Channel for quick clearance without a baggage check. If you are carrying dutiable articles, you have to pass through the Red Channel for detailed customs clearance.

 Import
 Apart from used personal belongings, visitors are allowed to bring to Nepal free of duty cigarette (200) or cigars (50), distilled liquor (one 1.15 liter bottle), and film (15 rolls). You can also bring in the following articles free of duty on condition that you take them out with you when you leave: binoculars, movie or video camera, still camera, laptop computer, and portable music system.

 Export
 It is illegal to export objects over 100 years old sacred images, paintings, manuscripts that are valued for culture and religious reasons. Visitors are advised not to purchase such items as they are Nepal's cultural heritage and belong here.

 Airport Tax
 As per the decision of His Majesty's Government of Nepal dated 2001/02/19, Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal has announced a hike in the airport taxes at the Tribhuwan International Airport (TIA) and other domestic airports, with immediate effect.

 The revised airport taxes are as follows:

International Sector TIA
 a.        Departing for SAARC Countries
 Passenger Service Charge + VAT = NRs. 791/-
Tourism Service Fee + VAT = NRs. 565/-
 Total = NRs. 1356/-

 b.        Departing for Other Countries
 Passenger Service Charge + VAT = NRs. 1130/-
 Tourism Service Fee + VAT = NRs. 565/-
 Total = NRs. 1695/-

 Internal Domestic Sector
 a.        Rs 169.50/- (including VAT) for all sectors
 b.        The new Airport Tax is equally applicable to Nepalese as well as non-Nepalese citizens flying from Nepal

 Note
 •        In addition, VAT will be imposed on above mentioned Airport Taxes.
•        The new Airport Tax is equally applicable to Nepalese as well as non-Nepalese citizens flying from Nepal.


A visa is necessary to enter Nepal and can be obtained for the following duration from any Royal Nepalese Embassy or Consulate or at the entry points in Nepal.

Nationals from Afghanistan, Ghana, Iraq, Palestine, Nigeria, Swaziland, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Liberia, Somalia and Zimbabwe need to obtain their visa from Nepalese diplomatic missions locate in or near their respective countries prior to arrival in Nepal.

Visa FacilityDurationAmount



Multiple entry15 daysUSD 25.00 or equivalent convertible currency
Multiple entry30 daysUSD 40.00 or equivalent convertible currency
Multiple entry90 daysUSD 100.00 or equivalent convertible currency
 
Gratis (Free) Visa
Gratis visa for 30 days is available only for nationals of SAARC countries. However, for extension of visa for SAARC nationals, the rule is same as that of other nationals. SAARC countries include India, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Pakistan (and Nepal).

 For Indian Nationals
 Indian nationals do not require visa to enter into Nepal, but will have to posses any one of the following documents.
 •        Valid passport
•        Driving license with photo
 •        Photo Identity card issued by Government Agency
 •        Ration Card with Photo
 •        Election commission card with photo
 •        Identity card issued by Embassy of India in Kathmandu
•        Identity Card with Photo issued by Sub-Divisional Magistrate or any other official above his rank

The policy of “gratis visa” for other nationals has been scrapped.

 Entry Validity
 Six months from the date of issue. The validity of visa dates is counted from the date of arrival in Nepal.

 Visa Extension
 Tourist visas can be extended from the Department of Immigration-Kathmandu and Pokhara Immigration Office. The visa extension fee is US$ 30 or equivalent convertible currency for 15 days or less. Tourist can extend visa further by paying US$ 2 per day not exceeding cumulative 150 days in a visa year (01st Jan to 31st Dec).
 Transit visa can be obtained at the airport for one day upon the production of international departure flight ticket by paying US$ 5 or equivalent convertible currency.

 Important Information
 •        Valid passport (with a validity of a minimum period of six month), visa application form duly filled and a passport sized photograph are required for obtaining Nepal Visa.
•        Visa fee should be paid in US Dollar cash. Traveler cheques, Personal cheques and credit cards are not accepted for visa fees.
•        Once the visa is issued, it will not be amended, revalidated and visa fees will not be refunded.

Trek Permit
 Government of Nepal has introduced following Trekking Permit Fee in Controlled Areas as follows:

•        Upper Mustang and Upper Dolpo Region (for first 10 days): US$ 500 or equivalent foreign currency per person
 Additional Days: US$ 50 or equivalent foreign currency per person per day
 •        Manaslu Region (for a week): US$ 70 per person (September to November)
 Additional Days: US$ 10 per person per day (September to November)
•        Manaslu Region (for a week): US$ 50 per person (December to August)
 Additional Days: US$ 7 per person per day (December to August)
 •        Humla Region (Simikot-Yari): US$ 50 per person per week
 Additional Days: US$ 7 per person per day
 •        Kanchanjunga, Lower Dolpa & Gaurishankar and Lamabagar Region: US $ 10 per person per week


Mountain biking is a fantastic way to explore Nepal. The allow you to travel independently and stop where ever you want. You do not have to tortuous buses. You can explore secluded places and reach places that cannot be visited any other way. Nepal has many trails to ride on. You can make a challenging climb thousands of meters to reach a viewpoint with fantastic views. Then you make an exhilarating descent. It is an interesting trip ride to Royal Chitwan National Park.

The long bike tours require that you are physical fit. Unless you plan to ride along a trekking route, there is no required paperwork. To do any serious biking you need a mountain bike, and a normal bike will not do.

The Kathmandu Valley has some great places to ride. It has many trails and back roads. It is a good way to visit the interesting towns, temples and Buddha stupas. It can be really interesting visiting a rarely visited traditional Newari village. To get around the valley you most likely will want a good map, such as the Schneider or Nelles Verlag map. Most of the other maps are not very good and are often inaccurate.

Many trails are not on maps and you will need a good sense of direction and will have to stop and ask directions to get around. A little Nepali can really help.

Mountain Biking Routes

•        Balazu – Kakani – Balazu
•        Maharajgunj – Budhanilkantha
•        Kathmandu – Bhaktapur – Patan
•        Pokhara City Area
•        Kathmandu – Pokhara – Tansen – Bhairahawa – Chitwan




One of the three main cities in the Valley, Bhaktapur is located east of Kathmandu and is and is in reality a medieval city where the Newars, the main inhabitants still follow age old traditions and customs. Established around the 9th century Bhaktapur is known for its fertile land and was still a small farming village when Patan and Kathmandu were already well established towns. Bhaktapur became the capital of the Valley in 1377 during the reign of the Malla dynasty and flourished as a major urban centre from the 15th century onwards. It houses some of the best examples of Nepali craftsmanship on wood and stone such as the Palace of 55 Windows built in 1697, the five storied Nyatapola Temple, the Kashi Biswanath Temple, and the Dattatreya Temple among many others. Considered a living museum one can witness ancient traditions carried out even today as they were centuries ago in many areas of the city such as in Potters Square where the local potters use age old techniques to make clay utensils. Bhaktapur is among the seven Monument Zones that make the Kathmandu Valley World Heritage Site.

Places of Interest

Siddha Pokhari
This is a big rectangular water pond located near the main city gate of Bhaktapur. It was built during the reign of King Yakshya Malla in the early fifteenth century and is associated with a number of myths. From this spot a wide range of snowy peaks is visible on clear days.

Bhaktapur Durbar Square
Situated at an altitude of 1401 metre above sea level Bhaktapur is a very unique old Town. This city divided into 24 traditional localities covers an area of 5 square km. Founded by king Ananda Dev in 899 A.D. Bhaktapur is said to have been built in the shape of Conch shell-a sacred symbol of lord Vishnu. The word Bhaktapur means the city of devotees.
Before the unification of Nepal, Bhaktapur was an independent principality ruled by the Malla kings who were very much devoted to religions, culture and art. During the period many magnificent temples and mansions were built. This Period is remembered as golden period in the Nepalese art and remains a unique example.

Bhairavnath Temple
This is another pagoda style temple dedicated to Lord Bhairab, the dreadful aspect of Shiva. It stands a short distance away from the temple of Nyatapola and was originally constructed by King Jagat Jyoti Malla on a modest scale. It was later remodelled by King Bhupatindra Malla, a zealous lover of the arts, into what is now a three-storey temple.
The Loin Gate: This constructed gate has beautiful stone statues of Bhairav and Durga installed on its either side during the reign of King Bhupatindra Malla in 17th century A.D.
The Statue of King Bhupatindra Malla: This figure seated on a huge column top in an attitude of prayer to Taleju Bhavani was a great scholar and artist himself.
55 Window Palace: This is the central architectural structure dominating the entire Bhadgaon Durbar Square. This magnificent edifice was originally built by Yakshe Malla and embellished later by Bhupatindra Malla in 17th century.
Nyatapola: This is the most famous pagoda of Nepal. Nayapola in newari means five tiered, symbolizing the five basic elements. This temple was built exactly in 1702 A.D. by King Bhupatindra Malla and was dedicated to Siddhilaxmi – the tantric deity of supreme power.

Dattatraya Temple
The temple of Dattatraya is as old as the Palace of Fifty-five Windows. Consecrated by King Yakshya Malla in 1427 A.D. This temple, according to popular belief, was built out of the trunk of a single tree. It was subsequently repaired and renovated by King Vishwa Malla in 1458 A.D. Just beside the temple is a monastery (Math) with exquisite carvings.

Batsala Temple
The stone temple of Batsala Devi has many intricate carvings. It is most famous for its bronze bell, known to local residents as 'the bell of barking dogs' as when it is rung, all dogs in the vicinity begin barking and howling! The colossal bell was hung by King Ranjit Malla in A. D. 1737 and was used to sound the daily curfew. It is nowadays rung every morning when goddess Taleju is worshipped.


The Valley is situated at an altitude of 1336 m above sea level and covers an area of 218 sq. miles. The rich tapestry of the culture heritage of Nepal is synthesized in the Kathmandu Valley. The home of the ancient and sophisticated Newari culture. The Newars are the indigenous of the Valley and the creators of the splendid civilization of its three cities – Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur. The skilifully built temples and palaces, delicately engraved stones and metal imges, carved wooden columns and pillars, and the history laden shrines and Chaityas of these three historical cities stand as paradigm of the Newars’s artistic achievements.

Places of Interest

Kathmandu Durbar Square
This particular area lies in the heart of the city. The locals know this area by its old name Hanuman Dhoka Durbar Square – an ancient seat of the Nepalese Royalty. Hanuman Dhoka Palace complex consists of a huge Royal Square emposing a tremendous variety of temples dedicated to different Hindu gods and goddess. Most of the buildings we see here date back to 15th – 18th Century.
The entire Palace complex here is named after a monkey god called Hanuman. One can see a huge stone statue of Hanuman painted all red left next to the main entrance (the golden gate) of the palace. Hanuman here is regarded as a powerful protector of the entire Durbar Square. Some of the important monuments to be seen here are.

Swayambhunath Stupa
Located in a lovely little hillock Swayambhunath Stupa is one of the most fascinating architectural jewels of the world. This great Stupa is said to have been built around 250 B.C.
Generally a holy memorial site Stupa represents a typical Buddhist architecture. Its main feature the white dome is identified with a spotless pure jewel of Nirvana ans a thirteen tiered golden spire in conical shape surmounted on the dome. Underneath this towering structure is a pair of all four sides of the Stupa.
The Stupa of Swayambhunath stands on a typically stylized lotus mandal base a long time ago believed to have originated from a legendary lake of Kathmandu Valley.
As the ancient legend goes Kathmandu valley was a lake. left in the centre of this lake was a full blown lotus with the divine light atop. When Maha Manjushri a saint from China heard about this he came rushing all the way from China to the Valley. He cut through the southern wall hill of the valley with this divine sword. The cleft made by the sword immediately drained the entire water making the valley floor open for a close up view of the divine lotus light. This holy site in fact is the massive Stupa complex ever built in Nepal.
Other important things to be seen here include a magnificent two tiered golden temple dedicated to Harati. She is the grandmother deity of children and small pox who was said to be the great caretaker of the children. Not too far from this temple is Dewa Dharma monastery – noted for a bronze icon of Buddha and traditional Tibetan paintings.

Boudhanath Stupa
One of the oldest and the biggest Buddhist monuments ever built in Nepal; Boudhanath is an imposing structure standing some 36 mtrs. The Stupa stands on the massive three level mandala style platform surrounded by colorful private family houses. The basic feature of this great stupa is very much like that of Swayambhunath stupa except its finial displaying. It is much bigger than Swayambhu stupa and lies on the hill top. This stupa is said to have been built in 5th century A.D. The site is considered very much like Mecca for the Tibetan Buddhists and every year tens of thousands of pilgrims from all over the Himalayan region visit the stupa.
According to a very popular legend long time ago the kingdom of Kathmandu was under a terrifying draught. King Dharma Deva was very worried. An astrologer advised him that only the sacrifice of an ideal man with 32 virtues in front of the dry royal water spout could make the rain fall in the country. And in the following night he commanded his son to go to the dry water spout inside the royal palace compound at midnight and behead the person shrouded in white robe without looking at him. The Prince obeyed his father but to his great horror only to find it was none other than his own father. In order to atone the big sin he is believed to have built this great stupa. As an entrepot on ancient Nepal-Tibet trade rout, the site is popularly frequented by Tibetan visitors.

Pashupatinath
The temple of Pashupatinath located on the western banks of the Bagmati River on the north eastern side of Kathmandu, is one of the most important Hindu pilgrimages in the world. Until recently when Nepal was officially a Hindu Kingdom, Pashupatinath, literally “Lord of all Animals”, was considered the main protector deity of Nepal. Pashupatinath is said to have been discovered by a cow herder who dug up the area after seeing one of his cow’s coming to the spot and emptying its milk there. The inner sanctum of the temple has a lingam, a stone phallus with four faces around it. As one of the many forms of Lord Shiva, one of the three main gods of the Hindu Trinity, Pashupatinath draws Hindu pilgrims from all around the world especially on Maha Shivaratri, the “night of Shiva” which falls in early spring. The temple and its surrounding complex is surrounded by a pantheon of other temples like the Kirateswore Mahadev, Bhairav, Guheswori, and Gorakhnath each of whom have their own tale of origin and importance. The Pashupatinath is a UNESCO World Heritage Zone.

Singha Durbar
Singha Durbar is a grand, imposing palace built in the neo-classical style. It was once the private residence of Rana Prime Ministers and is now the official seat of the government. It used to be a huge building with many courtyards (the biggest private residence in Asia). However, most of it was destroyed by fire not quite long before and only the western half has been rebuilt.

Royal Palace
This is the present Royal Palace. At the south there is the famous historic water-spout of Narayanhity from which the Palace derives its name. Special permission has to be obtained to go inside the Royal Palace compound.

Distance (in kms)
Kathmandu / Nagarkot         35
Kathmandu / Dhulikhel         30
Kathmandu / Pokhara         210
Kathmandu / Daman         80
Kathmandu / Machan        185
Pokhara / Machan        167
Kathmandu / Tiger Tops        195
Pokhara / Tiger Tops        175
Kathmandu / Bharatpur        148
Pokhara / Bharatpur         130
Kathmandu / Lumbini        375
Pokhara / Lumbini        395


Yala or Patan as it is known today lovely little plateau across the river Bagmati is only 7 km. South east of Kathmandu. This city roughly inhabited by some 125,000 people is considered oldest of all three cities of Kathmandu valley.
The city is believed to be the first settlement in the Valley and was established by the Kirat dynasty who ruled for more than 1200 years from the 3rd century BC. Patan is famous for its amazing collection of fantastically carved temples, palace courtyards, water spouts, public baths and houses with their equally elaborate wood, stone and metal carvings under the patronages of the Kirat, Lichivi and Malla kings. Patan has more than a 1000 temples and monuments dedicated to the uniquely Nepali mix of Buddhist and Hindu gods, chief among which are the mounds erected by the great Indian Emperor Ashoka in the four corners of the city when he visited here in 250 BC, the Hiranya Mahavihar established in the 12th century, the 21 spire Krishna Mandir and other temples in the Patan Darbar Square, the 14th century Kumbeswore temple, the 16th century Mahabouddha whose bricks all bear the face of the Buddha and many other lesser temples with no less examples of the master craftsmanship of its artisans. Patan Durbar square is one of the seven Monument Zones that make up the Kathmandu Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Places of Interest

Durbar Square
This whole square is a cluster of fine pagoda temples and stone statues; it is at the same time the business hub of the city. At every step one comes across a piece of art or an image of a deity, testifying to the consummate skill of Patan's anonymous artists. The ancient palace of the Malla kings and the stone baths associated with various legends and episodes of history are especially interesting to visitors. The stone temple of Lord Krishna and the Royal Bath (Tushahity) with its intricate stone and bronze carvings are two other masterpieces in the same vicinity

Krishna Temple
The temple of Lord Krishna holds a commanding position in Patan's Palace complex. Though its style is not wholly alternative, it is one of the most perfect specimens of Nepalese temple craft. The three-storey stone temple continues to elicit high praise from lovers of art and beauty. It was built by King Siddhi Narasingha Malla in the sixteenth century A. D. Important scenes from the Mahabharata and Ramayana epics have been carved in bas-relief. The minute details of this work clearly show the high level that the art of stone carving attained in the sixteenth century.

Ashokan Stupa
Popularly believed, though not proven without doubt to have been built by Ashoka, the Buddhist Emperor of India, these stupas stand at four different corners of Patan, giving the whole city a monastic character. All these Buddhist mounds were built in 250 A.D.at the time when Buddhism was making headway in the Kathmandu Valley.

Golden Temple
This three-storey golden pagoda of Lokeshwar in Patan was built in the twelfth century A. D. by King Bhaskar Varma. Located in the courtyard of Kwabahal, this temple is in a class of its own. A golden image of Lord Buddha and a big prayer wheel can be seen on the pedestal of the upper part of the Car while intricate decorative patterns on its outer walls add charm to the mellow richness of the shrine.

Kumbheshwar
This is a five-storey pagoda-style temple of Lord Shiva. Inside the courtyard is a natural spring whose source, it is said. is the famous glacial lake of Gosainkunda. This temple was built by King Jayasthiti Malla while the golden finial was added later, in 1422 A.D. He also cleaned the pond near Kumbheshwar and installed various images of Narayan, Ganesh, Sitala, Basuki, Gauri, Kirtimukh and Agamadevata around the pond and in the courtyard. Ritual bathing takes place here every year on the day of Janai Poornima.

Jagat Narayan Temple
The Jagat Narayan temple is a tall shikhara-style temple consecrated to Lord Vishnu. The temple is built of red bricks on the bank of the Bagmati at Sankhamul and enshrines many stone images. The fine metal statue of Garuda placed on a stone monolith is quite eye-catching and is accompanied by similarly placed images of Ganesh and Hanuman.

Machhendranath Temple
The temple of Red Machhendranath is another center of attraction in Patan. The temple lies in the middle of a wide, spacious quadrangle just at the outer rim of the market place. A fine clay image of Red Machhendranath Avalokiteshwar is housed here for six months every year, after which it is taken round the city of Patan in a colourful chariot during the festival beginning in April-May and lasting sometimes for several months.

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The ancient temple of Bajrabarahi is situated in a small woodland park located about ten kilometers south of Patan, near the village of Chapagaon. A visit to Tikabhairav and Lele from here is well worthwhile.

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Situated five kilometers north-west of Kathmandu, Balaju Water Garden is an ideal place for rest and relaxation. The park features a long line of twenty-two stone water spouts from the mid-eighteenth century, each of which is ornately carved with crocodile heads. The garden also includes many other ponds, some of them containing large and small varieties of fish. Adjoining the garden is an Olympic-size swimming pool open to the public. Balaju Industrial Estate is located nearby.


Eight kilometers north of Kathmandu is a remarkable, colossal statue of lord Vishnu reclining on a bed of snakes. The fifth-century statue lies in the middle of a small pond Budhanilkantha is a place of pilgrimage for all Hindus and is the scene of great activity at such festivals as Haribodhini Ekadasi and Kartik Poornima. An interesting feature of this shrine is that the reigning King of Nepal may not visit the spot according to an old tradition.


Believed to have been founded around the 16th century Bungamati sits on top of a hillock opposite the Bagmati river and is another typical Newari town about 11 km south of Kathmandu. The resting place of Rato Matsyendranath, the god of rain and compassion, who is said to have been brought here by four Tantric priests from West Bengal in India after a severe drought threatened to wipe out the entire population, the deity is moved to another temple of the same name in Patan in his chariot during one of the most important festivals in the valley. Although the shikhara style architecture of the temple of Rato Matsyendranath in Bungamati indicates its origin to be in India, the temple in Patan is very much in the traditional Nepali pagoda style. Both are however magnificent examples of the skills of their builders.

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Dedicated to Lord Vishnu of the Hindu trinity, Changunaryan is one of the best examples of Pagoda style of architecture, claimed to have originated in Nepal. The two story temple believed to have been built during the Lichivi era around the 3rd century is one of the oldest and richest in the Valley in terms of its wood, metal and stone sculptures and carvings. A 5th century stone inscription within the temple complex is the oldest found in the Valley and tells of the exploits of the Lichivi King Mandev. Changunaryan stands on a hillock north east of Kathmandu and offers fantastic views of the surrounding countryside as well as the Himalaya to the north and is one of the seven Monument Zones that make up the Kathmandu Valley World Heritage Site.

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An important transit stop on Kathmandu’s ancient trade route with Tibet, Dhulikhel today is a thriving highway town along the Arniko highway that run north to the border with China. Located at approximately 1550 meters above sea level Dhulikhel is 32 km south east of Kathmandu and is famous for the fantastic views of the Himalaya from the sixth highest mountain in the world Cho Oyu at 8201 meters in the east to the Annapurna Range and three peak range known as Himalchuli in the west as well as for some of the best educational and health services in the country. The medieval town of Dhulikhel is a line of old style Newari houses that are adorned with fine traditional craftsmanship.


Located in the south western edge of Lalitpur district, 14 km from Patan, at the base of the 2715 m high Mt. Phulchowki (Mountain of Flowers), the highest point on the Valley ridge, Godavari is a peaceful little village, surrounded by dense jungles going up the western ridge of the Mahabharat range. Godavari acquired its name from a repenting ascetic who went to a place of the same name in India to do penance for the crime of killing a cow, considered sacred by the Hindus. Upon returning to his alternative village here he established the temple complex of Panch Dhara or five taps, whose waters are supposed to flow down to the river Godavari in India. Known for its natural beauty the jungles here are home to at least 256 species of birds and 300 species of butterflies and moths. The Botanical Garden, founded by King Mahendra in 1962 is the only one of its kind in the country boasting an astonishing 4500 specimens of flowering and non flowering plants including more than 90 varieties of orchids.


Kakani is another good location for viewing the mountain scenery. Only two hours north-west of Kathmandu, one can see the mountain landscape of central Nepal, a vast collection of majestic peaks stretching from Ganesh Himal to the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri ranges. There is an unusually perfect blending of the imposing mountain scenery with the more sylvan environment of the lower valleys. Rhododendrons growing wild on the mountain slopes begin to bloom in late winter and stay in bloom for several months, giving the village even more charm.


Known for its defiance against the persistent invader King Prithivi Narayan Shah of Gorkha, the ancient Newari town of Kirtipur sits on a hill on the southern edge of the Kathmandu Valley. Kirtipur was the last of the cities of Kathmandu Valley to fall to the invasion of the Gorkha king in the 18th century and remained isolated till modern times even with its proximity to the capital. Much of the town still reflects its ancient Newari heritage with the three-story Bagh Bhairav temple, being one of the oldest and best-preserved in the valley.


Nagarjun is named after a famous sage. There is a stupa at the top and the forest is well known for its animal life. Controlled by the army, the animal life is protected here and the forest is also known as the Queen's Forest. Leopard, deer, birds, squirrel, and other animal species may be seen and the hill tracks are perfect for mountain biking as well.

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One of the best facilitated hill top resort towns to view the majesty of the Himalaya from, Nagarkot is situated at a height of 2195 meters and is only 32 km east of Kathmandu. The resort town is famous for its sunrise and sunset views and even offers glimpses of Mt. Everest in the east on a clear morning while the entire Langtang range looms left in front.


It is situated on a hill above Panauti. It requires an easy drive or good walk to get there. There is an amazing story concerned with the Buddha which is commemorated by an ancient stone slab and a Stupa with the all-seeing eyes of Lord Buddha. According to the legend, one of the earlier Buddha offered his own flesh to a hungry tiger unable to feed her hungry cubs. It is also a three hour trekking from Dhulikhel through a number of small villages.


The small, ancient and holy town of Panuati also known as Prayagtirtha, lies some 32 km southeast of the capital Kathmandu and is located by the banks of the Roshi and Punyamati River. A third invisible river known as Lilawati is said to flow down from the Gorakhnath shrine from the hill north of the town and is said to be visible only to the wise. The 13th century Indreswar Mahadev temple and the 17th century Bhramayani temple are prime examples of Nepal’s unique pagoda style of architecture and mastery over craftsmanship. The principality was given as a dowry to his sister by King Bhupatindra Malla who ruled from Bhaktapur and is mostly inhabited by the Newari people.

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Pharping has a shrine of Shesh Narayan which is richly endowed with art. The picturesque shrine stands beneath a rock cliff beside many fish ponds. The famous temple of Dakshinkali is situated about two kilometers from Pharping. Every Tuesday and Saturday, pilgrims congregate at the temple to sacrifice animals and worship goddess Kali.


Phulchoki, a 279 meter hill, is a good hiking spot as it offers a spectacular view of the whole Kathmandu Valley. Rhododendrons of different colors are found here, including pure white and dark red varieties. A jeepable road leads to the top of the hill, where there is a Buddhist stupa.


Sankhu, located twelve kilometers east of Kathmandu, is a good example of a small Newar town, with many fine old buildings and temples. Beyond the village, up a long flight of stone steps, is Bajra Jogini, a historic temple with beautiful views of the Valley.


About 2 miles south of Bhaktapur is an important shrine of Ganesh, the elephant-headed god of good fortune. The shrine has been positioned in such a way as to catch the first rays of the morning sun. Excellent views of Bhaktapur with snow peaks in the background can be seen from here. Being located in a thick forest, it is also a good picnic spot.


Thimi lies about 10 km east of Kathmandu near Bhaktapur. It is famous for pottery, making of masks and as a vegetable growing area for Kathmandu so that this place is also known as kitchen garden of Kathmanduites. The main deity in the town is Goddess Balkumari. It attracts tourists by its enchanting culture of the farmer community.

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Shivapuri provides most of the water to the Kathmandu Valley and among the hills; it is closest to the high Himalaya. The wildlife sighting here is also excellent as the park has access to wider lands and areas behind the Kathmandu Valley. You may wish to visit the Buddhist monastery set high on the hill.

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Located in the middle hills on the west of Pokhara, Baglung is the headquarters of Dhaulagiri Zone. It is situated on a terrace overlooking the Kali Gandaki River which is famous for deep gorges and notorious bends. It is the trading town of quaint streets and traditional buildings where merchants from the Terai plains in the south and the hills in the north come together to barter. Inhabited by different ethnic groups, Baglung offers the most scenic view of Mount Dhaulagiri towards its north. It has recently been connected to Pokhara by a 72 km black-topped highway. On the way to Baglung, you can enjoy the picturesque view of the incredibly long range of Annapurna Himal towards north. Baglung is also a good starting point for Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve where controlled hunting of some species is allowed. The reserve is famous for the blue sheep. The trek from Baglung Bazaar to Dhorpatan takes about four days.


Located on a 1,000 m ridge in Tanahu district some (140 km) 8 hours drive from Kathmandu, Bandipur’s hallmark is its beautiful scenery. At the eastern part of the town is the pasoda-roofed Bindabasini temple which houses goddess Durga, Bandipur’s Guardian deity. The rich wood carvings and detailed brass work that adorn the temple are replicas of those found in many old pagoda structures of the Kathmandu Valley. The other important temples and shrines in the vicinity include the Mahalaxmi temple with its exquisite woodwork and the Khdga Devi temple which comes alive once a year during the Dasain Festival.

Places of Interest: Bazaar, Tudikhel, Shiddha Cave (largest in the Himalayas), etc


Baraha Chhetra is one of the four greatest Hindu pilgrimages. This is the spot where Baraha, the boar incarnation of Lord Bishnu, protector of the universe, fought with the demon Hiranakshya and killed him. Apart from the main shrine dedicated to Baraha, there are many other temples that bear the image of Bishnu's boar incarnation.


Gorkha is a scenic hill- town with great historical significance. King Prithvi Narayan Shah, who unified the Kingdom of Nepal during eighteenth century, was born in the township of Gorkha. Situated on a small hillock at an attitude of about 1000 m, Gorkha offers panoramic view of snow-fed mountains. The then small kingdom of Gorkha, founded by king Drabya Shah in 1560 A. D. became famous during the dynasty of Ram Shah (1604-1641 A.D.), who earned the reputation of being just to his people. There was a famous proverb in those days which said that one should go to Gorkha if he were looking for justice. In the middle of eighteenth century there were hundreds of small kingdoms and principalities in what is today's Nepal. The great Prithvi Narayan Shah took the mammoth task of unifying Nepal in the eighteenth century. The Gorkha soldiers under his dynamic leadership eventually succeeded in conquering the Kathmandu valley. The capital of greater Nepal was shifted to Kathmandu since then. But this beautiful township has always remained as the center of attraction for many Nepalese as well as foreign visitors.

Places of Interest

Gorkha Durbar
This historical palace is situated on the top of the fortified hill above the township, about one hour's walk uphill from the bus station. On the west side of palace is the temple of Goddess Gorakhkali. There is also a famous cave sheltering the statue of Gorakhnath Baba (sage). It is believed that the name of Gorkha was derived from the name of this sage, whose blessings inspired King Prithvi Narayan Shah for the unification of Nepal. From the top of the hill above Gorkha palace and from a saddle east of the bazaar, the view of Manaslu and Himalchuli is spectacular.

Upallokot
It is situated at a 20 minute walking distance from Gorkha palace. There is a viewing platform at an altitude of 1520 meters in Upallokot from where the spectacular view of Gorkha palace and the sliver shining snow-fed peaks can be enjoyed.

Manakamana
On a beautiful ridge south-east of the township of Gorkha lies the holy temple of Manakamana, the holy goddess of aspirations. It is a famous pilgrimage site for Hindus. Manakamana is a four hour walk uphill from Anbu Khaireni on Kathmandu-Pokhara Highway.


One of Nepal's most famous religious places of pilgrimage is Gosainkunda lake situated at an altitude of about 4360 m. Surrounded by high mountains on the north and east, this lake is grand and picturesque. There are other nine famous lakes such as Saraswati, Bhairab, Sourya and Ganesh Kunda. Every year during Janai Purnima in August, thousands of Hindu pilgrims come here to lake holy bathe in the lake. The large rock in the center of the lake is said to be the remains of a Shiva shrine and it is also claimed that channel carries water from the lake directly to the tank at the Kumbheshwar Temple in Patan, 60 km to the south.


Jumla, on the banks of the Tila River at 2370 meters, is one of the highest rice growing areas in the world. The entire Tila valley is covered with paddy fields growing unique red rice that is tastier than white rice, but is scorned by most local People. The people in this region speak their own version of Nepali. The people throughout the region are Thakuris, and also Chhetris who have the highest social, political and ritual status. Treks to Rara National Park start and ends at Jumla.

Humla is a high and dry land hemmed by snowcapped peak in three sides that shut out most outside influences, including the monsoon. Trekking facilities are nonexistent, but the local Buddhist highlanders are accommodating to strangers.


Ilam is the far eastern district of the country, inhabited by people of different colors living in peace and harmony. Neighboring the famous Indian hill town of Darjeeling, it is situated on the foothills of Mount Kanchanjunga, The third highest peak in the world. Ilam is adorned with an almost limitless range of lush-green tea gardens. The rolling hills covered with tea leaves are simply majestic. The thick white fogs alternatively descend to veil the gardens and then suddenly vanish. Greenery prevails all over the hills of Ilam all around the year. Ilam Tea Garden located near Ilam Bazaar and Kanyam Tea Garden located halfway between Terai plain and Ilam Bazaar is the major gardens of Nepal.

Places of Interest

Antu Danda
Antu Danda, situated at an altitude of 1677 m in Ilam District, is famous for its unique views of Everest and Kanchanjunga. It is the best vantage point for viewing sunrise and sunset. There is a motorable road from Ilam to Chhipitar from where one can read Antu Danda on foot. This exhilarating trekking along the lush green hills takes about 3 hours.

Mai Pokhari
Situated at an altitude of 2438 meters, Mai Pokhari is a famous place of pilgrimage in Ilam district. Lying at about thirteen kilometers north of Ilam Bazaar, this beautiful place consists of the pond whose circumference is more than one kilometer. Altogether there are nine ponds in the area some of which are large enough for boats. This place becomes alive every year during 'Harisayam Ekadashi' when a one-night fair is held. This place is a famous picnic spot for nearby people Mai Pokhari can be reached in four hours from Ilam Bazaar in jeep. On the way are the villages of Chureghanti, Bakhaute, Dharapani and Hasbire Bhanjyang, which offer commanding views of the snowy peaks towards north.

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Janakpur is the capital of the ancient state of Mithila. The Janaki Temple, located in the centre of the city, is well known in the Hindu Kingdom. Sita the wife of the legendary hero Ram was born in Janakpur. Throughout the year, many pilgrims come to pay their respects to Ram and Sita who are the main religious attractions in Janakpur. The city is thronged by worshippers and visitors alike especially during the festival of Bibaha Panchami. This annual festival is celebrated on the occasion of Ram and Sita's marriage and their wedding ceremony is enacted throughout the week.


Kodari lies on the Nepal-China border. Besides being a place of stunning natural beauty, it has an exotic history going back to ancient times as the starting point of the Trans-Himalayan caravan route, the Nepalese equivalent of Silk Road. Merchants bound for Lhasa would head north from Kodari and cross the Kuti pass before turning east to begin the perilous journey over the Tibetan plateau. This border village is still an important trading centre between Tibet and Nepal. The 144 km Arniko Highway connecting Kathmandu with Kodari passes through magnificent river gorges and splendid mountain scenery. Three kilometers short of Kodari is the famous hot water spring called Tatopani, meaning hot water. People come here from all over Nepal to bathe in the hot water for its therapeutic value.


Shakyamuni Buddha was born in Lumbini, in southern Nepal, twenty-five hundred years ago. Since his time, Nepal has been a sacred ground for Buddhists as the birthplace of the Buddha. Lumbini is a small town in the southern Terai plains of Nepal, where the ruins of the old city can still be seen. Shakyamuni Buddha was born to a royal family.

Lumbini has been a holy ground for Buddhists all over the world. The restored garden and surroundings of Lumbini have the remains of many of the ancient stupas and monasteries. A large stone pillar erected by the Indian Emperor Ashoka in 250 BC bears an inscription about the birth of the Buddha.

An important part of Lumbini is the temple of Maya Devi. It has a stone image of Maya Devi giving birth to Lord Buddha as she holds onto a branch. It has been well worn by the strokes of barren women hoping for fertility. To the south of the temple is a pool where Queen Maya Devi is said to have bathed and given her son his first purification bath.

A quiet garden, shaded by the leafy Bo tree (the type of tree under which Buddha received enlightenment), and a newly-planted forest nearby lend an air of tranquillity which bespeaks Buddha's teachings. Lumbini is now being developed under the Master Plan of the Lumbini Development Trust, a non-governmental organization dedicated to the restoration of Lumbini and its development as a pilgrimage site. The plan, completed in 1978 by the renowned Japanese architect Kenzo Tange, will transform three square miles of land into a sacred place of gardens, pools, buildings, and groves. The development will include a Monastic Zone, the circular sacred Garden surrounding the Ashoka pillar and Maya Devi temple, and Lumbini Village, where visitors will find lodges, restaurants, a cultural centre and tourist facilities.

An important archaeological site near Lumbini, Kapilvastu evokes the ancient palace where Lord Buddha spent his formative years. Scattered foundations of the palace are abundant, and archaeologists have by now discovered 13 successive layers of human habitation dating back to the eighth century BC. A must for archaeological and historical buffs!

Besides its religious and historical significance, Lumbini offers cultural insights into the village life of southern Nepal. If possible, try to coincide your visit with the weekly Monday bazaar when villagers come from miles around to buy grains, spices, pottery, jewellery, saris and various other items. It may appear as a scene out of the Arabian Nights, with colorful merchandise spread out under the mango trees and the air perfumed with incense. It's a chance to bargain for souvenirs while witnessing local life in Lumbini. Wooden ox-carts loaded with hay trundle by. Villagers dry cow-dung for fuel, and tea stalls serve sweet milk tea.

Today, Lumbini is beginning to receive travellers and archaeologist’s attention after centuries of neglect. Serious preservation work has only just been started in the latter half of this century and Lumbini as a slice of history is worth seeing and worth preserving.


Situated at the lap of the gigantic Himalaya, Manang is a unique village with a compact collection of 500 flat-roofed houses separated by narrow alley ways. To reach a doorway you must ascend a steep log notched with steps. The setting of the village is most dramatic, with the summits of Annapurna and Gangapurna less than 8 km away, and a huge ice fall rumbling and crashing on the flanks of the peaks. Gompa at Manang and Braga are well worth visiting.


The famous temple of Muktinath lies in the district of Mustang and is situated 48 km north east of Jomsom at an altitude of about 3749 meters. The temple is situated on a high mountain range and is visited during fair weather. During the festival of Janai Purnima, Hindu devotees gather here to pay homage to lord Muktinath. The visitors get lodging facilities at Dharmasala and Maharani Pouwa. Another famous temple of Jwaladevi, the goddess of flame, is situated about hundred meters south of Muktinath.

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“At the lake Fewa falls the reflection of Mount Fishtail; life is like the cold dry sandy banks of Seti without your love.”

Quick Facts

•        Population: 200000
•        Elevation: 700-1100 meters
•        Distance from Kathmandu: 200 kms
•        Major Connectivity: Road and Air
•        Ethnic Composition: Gurungs, Bahuns Chettris, Dalits, Magars, Newars, Muslim, and ethnic Tibetans
•        Religion: Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity
•        Economy: Tourism, overseas remittances, agriculture, trade and manufacturing
•        Natural Sights: Mountains, lakes, caves, gorges, and canyons

Pokhara is one of Nepal’s most idyllic cities. Its natural beauty and charm continues to inspire poets and songwriters for many years now. The mountains, caves, gorges, rivers, and lakes have been poetically linked to wide range of state of human emotions.
In the medieval times Pokhara served as an important transit on the Tibet-Indo trade. Then, caravan of mules ferrying highland salt reached the town of Pokhara on the way to the towns in the Indian plains. Similarly, the traders from South ferried grains and cooking oil destined for the arid highlands. Over time this tradition contributed significantly to the growth of Pokhara.
Prior to the conquest of modern State of Nepal, Kaski, the area surrounding Pokhara valley, was one of the important principalities. Unfortunately, only few archeological remnants of those times have survived unlike the historical structures of the same period in Patan, Kathmandu, and Bhaktapur.
Natural beauty and charm makes up for Pokhara’s lack of sites of historical significance. It is Nepal’s largest city from where three of the over 8000 meters high mountains can be viewed at a close proximity for almost eight months a year. Rising from an elevation of 700-1100 meters the nature gifted caves, lakes, gorges, and canyons fascinates any nature lover.
The people and lifestyle makes Pokhara more incredible. Although home to Gurungs and Magars, two indigenous ethnic peoples with a gallant history, Pokhara’s demographic composition also speaks for its celebrated multiculturalism and diversity; where Dalits and Brahmans, Muslims and Hindus, and ethnic Tibetans and Christians have peacefully existed for over half a century. It is also here that the forces of modern globalization have existed side by side an age old cultural tradition firmly grounded in the medieval past. Only a short hike into the villages reveals the simple lifestyle that has sustained and survived for centuries.
Largely an agrarian one Pokhara’s economy in the recent times has diversified into services, trade and some manufacturing. Tourism and remittances from foreign employment have clearly emerged as lucrative sectors.
There are accounts of visits by outsiders to Pokhara as early as the mid 1800s. However, the first meaningful contact with the foreigners began only after the kingdom was officially opened in the fifties. In the early days, westerners primarily volunteered in and around Pokhara working closely with the communities in the areas of health and education. The flower people arrived in the 70s paving the way for modern tourism springing up small lodges and teashops along the south bank of the lake. The modern era of tourism began in the late 80s after the opening of acclaimed trekking routes such as the Annapurna Sanctuary and Annapurna Circuit. Since then, large hotels, restaurants, bars, shops selling trekking gears, books, souvenirs and banks have opened to cater about 200,000 visitors each year.

Places of Interest

Devi’s fall & Gupteshwor Cave
Devi’s or David’s fall (Patalé Chango in Nepali) is a lovely waterfall in the city’s southern edge. Legends have it that a lady by the name was swept into the waterfall never to be discovered again. In early years since the waterfall began to attract visitors, the nearby area was sparsely populated and much of the waterfall site was unattended. In the recent years, the conservation efforts to protect the waterfall and its premises are underway. The latest facelift around the waterfall is a testimony of ongoing conservation initiative.
Although the waterfall is open to visitors throughout the year, the best time to visit is during the monsoon season when the floodgate of the Fewa lake barrage is opened to ease the water level. The rushing flow of water through the narrow moraine canyon into the deep ground hole forms a spectacular site.
The all new look of the waterfall comes with a landscaped garden, a wishing well, and a model Nepali countryside home perched on top of the waterfall for visitors to sit and relax.
Just across the highway from the Devi’s fall is the famous Gupteshwor cave. This underground cavity is quite a fascinating occurrence for its close proximity to the waterfall. What appears to be a narrow entrance to the cave balloons up inside to form a first wide platform housing a temple of lord Shiva. A further down the stairs and through a narrow passage leads to the main cavity with high walls aligned closed to wet stalagmites and stalactites. About 25 meters beyond this point is the main drop zone of the Devi’s waterfall after sinking in the ground. On any given day this underground spectacle is fascinating for it remained profoundly mysterious until it was explored by the locals.

Phewa Lake
Pokhara sprawls around the turquoise waters of Phewa Lake. It is the second largest lake in the Kingdom and offers exciting boating and fishing opportunities. Many hotels, restaurant and handicrafts shops are located along its eastern shore and it is the favorite hangout for adventure travellers.

Devi’s Fall
Located towards the southern end of the town, Devi’s fall is an awesome bottomless fissure in the ground into which the waters of Phewa Lake disappear in a thunderous roar.

Seti Gorge
The Seti Gandaki River that flows left through the centre of the city is another remarkable natural attraction. The river’s fierce and the deep gorege carved by it make for an amazing sight.

Tansen
Situated at an altitude of 1,343 m. Tansen is the most popular summer resort in western Nepal on account of its position and climate. It has the most extensive view of the country’s chief attraction, the Himalaya from Dhaulagiri in the west to Gaurishankar in the northeast. It takes just seven hours by bus from Pokhara to reach Tansen.

Museums in Pokhara

Gurkha Memorial Museum
Open to the general public in July 2005, the Gurkha Memorial is one of Pokhara’s newest museums. A brainchild of and operated by the Gurkha Memorial Trust, the museum is a noble undertaking to conserve and promote the gallant history of the famous Gurkhas. The museum exhibits in display are categorized into a Historical gallery; Gurkha infantry regiment gallery, Gorkhas gallery, and Gurkha specialist/corps unit gallery. There is also a theatre room and a library specializing in a rich archive of documentaries, books, and publications relevant to the history of Gurkhas.
There are several interesting collections in the museum including a royal truncheon from the early 20th century, traditional Gurkha weaponry, 19th and 20th century British Gurkha army gears and insignias, and pictorial overviews of each Gurkha regiments since the forging of allegiance with Britain in 1815.
The museum is open to visitors from 8am-4:30pm daily. Entry fees are 150 for tourists and 80 for SAARC nationals. The museum also offers guided tours, refreshments, and an all exclusive Gurkha merchandise booth.

International Mountain Museum
Sprawling over 13 acres of idyllic lush green landscape the International Mountain Museum is one of the must see while in Nepal. Established by Nepal Mountaineering Association in early 2004 the museum was conceived with an idea to work towards promoting the understanding of the mountains, its people and culture, flora and fauna, and the proud mountaineering history.
The first section of the museum features the mountain peoples from Nepal and other countries and their lifestyle portrayed through the clothes, crafts, utensils and models. The second section has mountain rocks, geological specimens and old and new posters on display. The last section consists of the display of tools and equipments used by famous mountaineers including Junko Tabei, the first woman to summit Everest.
The museum provides free tour guides and documentary shows throughout the day. The Buddhist prayer room inside the main building also features periodic worships by monks, an age old tradition of many ethnic groups of Nepal’s Himalayas.
There is a 31 feet model of Mt. Manaslu and a quad faced climbing wall for outdoor indulgence. The cafe, souvenir shop, and resting sheds overlooking the Annapurna range make IMM one of the most peaceful places in Pokhara. IMM opens daily and occasionally hosts special events.

Annapurna Natural History Museum
One of Pokhara’s oldest the Annapurna Natural History Museum inside Prithivi Narayan College is one of many early grassroots initiative to help provide learning opportunities to the students, people of Pokhara and its surrounding areas to learn about nature, flora and fauna, and the world beyond their neighbourhood.
Established by Dorothy Mierow in 1965, the museum showcases flora and fauna of Nepal, rare samples of “Saligrams” and mineral rocks specimens, butterflies of the Annapurna region, and an impressive collection of stuffed birds from the region including the rare Spiny Babbler.

Monasteries and Temples
The places of worship for both Buddhists and Hindus are of special importance in Pokhara. There are always grand worships or regular rituals taking place round the year. Buddhist monasteries are scattered throughout Pokhara valley and surrounding. The Jangchub Choeling Monastery of the Kagyu tradition lies in Hemja. Nearby at Yamdi lies the Sakya monastery. There is also a community Buddhist Ritual Center under the patronage of Gelug lamas.
The temple and shrine of Bindabasini in the Old Bazar enclave is one the most popular temples of Devi, the Hindu goddess. The main temple is situated on a hillock covered by a forest grove and is accessible by a wide hand-cut stone stairs. The most ideal time to visit the temple is during the Hindu festival of Dasain.

Places to Eat

Caffé Concerto and Jazz Bar
Since 1997, Caffé Concerto and Jazz bar has established itself as a prominent eatery for Italian cuisine and Jazz music in Pokhara. The restaurant is situated left next to the main gate of Ratna mandir, the summer palace of the former kings of Nepal.
Caffé Concerto offers alfresco and indoor dining experience amidst a semi rustic theme in stone, wood, Bhaktapur terracotta, cane and wrought iron. The breezy unwalled seating in the second floor facing the legendary Banyan trees, lake and the palace gate is an ideal place to beat the heat of Pokhara’s warm summer evenings.
Over the past four years Caffé Concerto is gradually reforming to an all Italian specialty restaurant. Indeed the proprietors, Basanta and his wife from Venice put meticulous effort to maintain the food as authentically Italian as possible. The herbs, cheese, pasta, organic vegetables, wines and liquor are either local organic produce or imported. What really puts the restaurant in the culinary map of Pokhara is the rich variety of oven fresh pizzas and home-made Gelato. Indeed, there are over 18 varieties of pizzas to choose from.
The café is a perfect place for an afternoon coffee and soothing sound of Jazz.

Fish Tail
Since 1969 the restaurant at Fish Tail lodge is one of Pokhara’s finest. Ideally situated at the western tip of the peninsula and reached on the hotel’s private floats or boats, the rotunda dining hall offers unmatched view of the lake and mount Fish Tail.
The rotunda indoor air-conditioned dining comfortably seats 90 people. The use of traditional materials including jute, thatch bamboos, and cane combined with hand cut stone floors and wood pillars add to the charm and warmth of the restaurant. During winter, the central fireplace and the sun-kissed lawns upfront the rotunda offer a warm cosy dining experience.
The kitchen at Fish Tail specializes in Muglai along with Chinese and Continental delights on both ala carte and buffet basis. The regular three meal daily buffet starts at 7am with breakfast, midday lunch, and ends with the last dinner servings at 9 pm. The restaurant also features sandwiches, snacks and pastries for the afternoon high tea. The last order must be made by 9:30pm. The “fresh grilled fish” is their signature dish. The bar, also nestled inside the rotunda, is a smart and minimally lit with long counter chairs and sleek rosewood counter tops. The succulent Margaritas and hosts of imported liquors and brews form the list of what the bar has to offer.
The lodge also hosts annual gala dinners on Valentine’s Day, Christmas, and New Years. For details on the timings and prices it is advised to contact the lodge.
In a nutshell, the restaurant at Fish Tail offers guests and patrons the charm of dining at a small resort with impeccable hospitality standards. Since 2001, all profits generated by Fish Tail go to “Heart Aid” that provides free cardiac care to the needy Nepalese. This legendary restaurant caters both the house guests and outside patrons. For outside patrons, Fish Tail recommends prior reservation from September till May. Fish Tail accepts all major credit cards.

Moondance Café
One of Pokhara’s long standing café with a jubilant history Moondance is the coolest dining spot in town. Initially started as a thatched joint in the early 90s, the café now seats 120 people in its renovated new setup since 1999.
The food at Moondance is mostly an eclectic assortment of North American and Continental with some Indian and East Asian specialties. For late afternoon appetizing or if you are looking for something light try Hummus platter and seasonal smoothies.
The fresh fish dishes and steaks are round the year feature at Moondance. Besides, its acclaimed signature dish, the succulent “lemon grilled chicken” enjoys wider culinary fanfare amongst the expats and returning patrons. These meats go perfectly well with a select collection of French Sauvignon, Australian Shiraz, and varieties of others from Chilean and South African vineyards carefully picked by Moondance for its patrons.
From Crepes to pies and cakes, the desserts are a real treat at Moondance. The Lemon Meringue Pie and Macchapuchre kiss are worth a special mention.
Coffee and Wi-Fi internet are two latest additions to Moondance. The coffee is brewed using local organic Arabica beans roasted and ground with extra care to keep intact the aroma and flavor. There is also a pool table and board games.

Koto
Koto is Pokhara’s only specialty Japanese restaurant. Quietly nestled on a rooftop, Koto offers both open air and cozy indoor seating with a Japanese style open kitchen.
Koto opens for lunch and dinner and major credit cards are accepted.

Bistro Carolina
Bistro Carolina in central Lakeside is one of Pokhara’s only French specialty restaurants. The restaurant offers a relaxed bistro feel with its simple yet elegant alfresco and indoor dining area. Established during the tourism bubble of late nineties, the restaurant since then enjoys a sustained reputation as being one of Pokhara’s immaculately finest diners.
Bistro’s all European menu draws in exotic ingredients such as Norwegian Salmon, Tiger Shrimps, and organic quail. French Onion soup and corn chips with hot salsa are bistro’s special starters over a few rounds of exquisite cocktails. The popular entrées include “Poulet au Gingembre” ginger chicken with sesame served with rice; “Steak au poivre ou la moutarde”, tenderloin steak with a choice of mustard or pepper sauce. The vegans may choose from Moussaka, a mush of baked aubergine with melted cheese and cream served with pasta salad with fresh pesto dressing. Wine is another delight at the bistro. The menu features a rich variety of French wines both Blanco and Rouge.
The bistro opens for lunch and dinner. VISA and MasterCard are accepted.

Things to Do

Adventure Golfing
Pokhara is home to two world class 9 hole golf courses. The Himalayan Golf Club and the Yeti Golf Club at Fulbari Resort and Spa are popular for its charm and challenge.
Golf was introduced in Pokhara in the mid 90s by a group of retired British Gurkha officers who developed a taste for the sport while serving in the United Kingdom.
The Himalayan Golf Club established in 1995 is Nepal’s first entirely private investment led golf course. Similarly, the Yeti Golf Club is also owned and managed by Fulbari Resort. There is also a driving range closely located to the popular lakeside. The Himalayan golf club is located in the Grand Bijaypur River Canyon. The club house and two greens are perched 250 feet above on top of the canyon, while rest of the course including a fascinating 585 yards island green lies at the bottom. The third hole is played from the top of the canyon to the green 150 feet below. This naturally peculiar course design makes a round of golf at Himalayan one of the most challenging in the country. The club is a host to the annual Surya Nepal Western Open. The club house at Yeti is equipped with a billiard table and offers range of spa services. Golf patrons can also enjoy the services at one of the many restaurants at Fulbari.

Ultra-light Flying
Pokhara offers the only ultra-light flying experience in Nepal. Since 1997, Avia Club Nepal, a pioneer in ultra-light air sports and recreation, operates flights out of the Pokhara Regional Airport.
From the 15 minutes “Fly for fun” to half an hour “Glory of Mt. Fishtail”, the ultra-light flying is a great way to see the Pokhara valley and its surrounding. The fleet of five Rotax 582 aircrafts rises to an elevation of 5000 meters thus allowing the passengers to get a close glimpse of the majestic Annapurna and Fishtail. The aircrafts are certified for “air worthiness” in compliance with the Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal standards and is fully insured. Avia Club is also a member of Fédération Aéronautique Internationale in Geneva.
Ultra-light flying with Avia Club Nepal in Pokhara is widely endorsed and eminent personalities have had the joy of ultra light flying in the past one decade of its operation. Although Pokhara valley offers 10 months of good flying weather condition, September to May are the best in terms of mountain visibility The flights run from early morning till late afternoon and the “sunset on Annapurna” is highly recommended by the pilots. Patrons can choose either open or close cabin aircrafts and the mandatory basic safety accessories are included in the fare. Besides, Avia Club also provides in flight photographs and video upon request as well as personally tailored flights.
Avia Club Nepal accepts all standard modes of payment including VISA, MasterCard and Traveller’s Cheque. All tariffs are inclusive of all applicable government taxes.

Paragliding
Pokhara is home to Nepal’s paragliding pioneers. First started by an Italian mountaineer while descending down the slope, today, the adventure sport has become a popular activity and a reason to visit Pokhara.
The charm of paragliding in Pokhara lies in the unique geography, weather condition, and an unsurpassed intimacy with the birds of prey, the natural thermal guides that have inspired paragliding’s flying principles.
Since 1998, Sunrise Paragliding, the pioneers of the sport in Pokhara, along with two new companies operates tandem flights on a daily basis for about 10 calendar months a year. The take off is from Sarangkot (1500 m) and depending on thermal availability rises to an elevation of 1800-3000m. On a clear day three peaks above 8000m can be viewed followed by neatly terraced farms and country life below. The landing just by the lake adds to the thrill of the experience. Paragliding is also a great way to view birds of prey who share the same flying space. The 9 feet wing spanned “Lammergeier” and the Himalayan Griffon Vultures are some rare species that are sighted during the flight.
Paragliding as a sport in Pokhara has maintained a high safety record. The basic safety gears are provided prior to take off for any age group with a normal fitness level. Besides the regular flight types offered by the companies, tailored flights are also arranged with prior consultation.
Pokhara’s paragliders also host the Nepal Open Paragliding Championship in January each year. 2008 marked the ninth successive championship with over 90 athletes from 20 countries vying for the trophy.

Cultural Shows

Traditional ethnic cultural show is a lively way to spend the evening with friends over sumptuous dinner and drinks. Pokhara valley and the surrounding is a home to some of Nepal’s most hospitable and culturally rich indigenous ethnic people. The Gurungs and Magars are popular for their amicable singing and dancing in their gaudy ethnic attire. Mostly conducted in their own dialects these songs have traditionally been part of the culture and reflect their way of life.
Another attraction is “dohori”. This singing bout usually between a group of male and female singers demands high degree of adroit spontaneity in structuring the verses. The singing usually follows a melody that is sustained throughout until one side loses to respond in a meaningful manner. Generally, the tone is high pitched and the mood upbeat. Dohori bars are scattered all over the city.
Hotel Lakeview offers nightly cultural show at its serene tropical garden. Beautifully located at Gaurighat, the eastern stretch of the lake forms an unhindered backdrop for the garden setting that comfortably seat 200 people. The main attraction include, “Ghatu dance”, “Lakhe dance”, “Panché baja” and “Shahanai recitation”. The kitchen at Lakeview specializes in North American style grills although popular Indian, Chinese, and Continental cuisine are also served on ala carte basis. The bar is well stocked with most spirits and an amazing collection of French and Italian wines. Lakeview also hosts sumptuous buffet during peak season months, beginning October-April, at its new Balinese pavilion and prior reservation is recommended. The show begins at 6:30 pm during winter and 7pm in summer. Lakeview accepts VISA and MasterCard.

Places to Shop

Far from the convenience and sleekness of glitzy malls, shopping in Pokhara is an entirely unique indulgence. Pokhara’s three different shopping districts provide unmatched perspective in lifestyle from an almost medieval old bazaar that still enjoys the status of a supply lifeline to many villages and towns, burgeoning modern city centre, and a tourist friendly shopping at Lakeside.

The Old Bazar
The narrow lane from Bagar to Nalamukh in the old quarter is where trade and commerce flourished first in Pokhara. Until modern urbanization began two decades ago, this formed the central supplies lifeline to many of surrounding villages and faraway towns hitherto untouched by roads and modern means of communication. An eclectic mix of traders including the famed Newars, Thakalis, and Mustangis traded salt, oil, herbs, utensils, wool, rugs, grains, spices, condiments, clothes, and farming tools. In the medieval period, Pokhara also served as a transit in the Indo-Tibet salt trade conduit.
Old bazar houses some of Pokhara’s oldest buildings. These buildings are still inhabited and preserved by Newar families and reflect rich architectural aesthetics of the early Pokhara period. Today, many of these old mud brick and tile houses are rapidly being replaced by modern concrete structures. Yet, the charms of the trade practices have successfully survived in the narrow dark compartments of the surviving old buildings. Many shops still sell goods sold as early as a half a century ago. The lifestyle of the old bazaar in itself is a unique sight. One can view Newar sweet makers prepare sun-dried delicacies, traditional ration shops, opulent cloth and craft stores and gaudy jeweler stores.
Other places of attraction in the Old Bazar are the shrine of Bindabasini Mai and the annual Dashain Chyangra Festival.
Things to buy: Local Handicrafts and pots, traditional spices, woollen rugs, bridal gold ornaments.

Lakeside
The hundreds of shops at either side of the Lakeside street stretch is an excellent place to bargain and shop. Since the first tourist friendly shops sprang up on tiny stalls twenty years ago, shopping here has really come off age. A large majority of shops sell trekking related goods. Others sell books, maps, CDs, Thankas, embroidered clothing, Tibetan antiques, gems and stones, silk, rugs, cameras and films, and anything one can possibly ask for. The traders come from everywhere including Kashmir, Tibet, China, Europe, and Kathmandu. Besides, the lakeside is also dotted with other service providers such as internet shops, travel and trekking agencies, communication centres and ATMs.


The five-hour drive to Chitwan (165 km) overland from Kathmandu is filled with thrilling views of the hills, rivers and plains with jungles on either side.

Surrounding Royal Chitwan National Park in southern Nepal is one of the best planned and most intelligently developed tourist areas in Nepal. Not only does it offer a wide variety of resorts and lodges, it is also easy to reach - by road or by air. Regular flights are scheduled by Royal Nepal Airlines and other airlines to Meghauli, Simara and Bharatpur. Many resorts provide coach service. Local buses offer a choice between a night ride and a day ride.

Royal Chitwan National Park is perhaps the best park in Nepal for seeing animals in the wild. In the earlier part of the century, when rapid deforestation was devastating Nepal's southern Terai belt, His Majesty's Government of Nepal intervened and proclaimed the Chitwan area a national park.

The Government of Nepal declared the Chitwan region a national park, outlawed settlement and deforestation within its boundaries, and a campaign to save the animals began. Projects carried out with the help of friendly nations have revived the animals that remained. Though the Terai is certainly not what it once was, the preserved portion within the Chitwan National Park is still a treat for animal lovers.

Royal Bengal tigers roam the region; one-horned rhinos can be seen charging through the underbrush, feeding and even courting. The Rapti River has been dammed to form a man-made lake called Lamital where water-birds and marsh mugger peckers and many other birds are found in plenty in these forests.

Elephant grass, five to six feet tall, provides excellent camouflage for animals. This grass serves as food for the gaur (a local bison), rhino and other herbivores. Once a year, local people are allowed into the park area to cut grass. The grass is dried, and used to thatch roofs or stored for food for the domestic animals during the dry season.



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Swasthani Puja

Goddess Swasthani's three eyes burn like the sun. She is the ultimate gift grantor; if insulted, she can make life miserable. By worshipping Swasthani, Parbati attained Lord Shiva as her husband. In the worship rites of Goddess Swasthani, outlined by Parbati, the Swasthani scripture is read every evening for a month. Worshipping Swasthani will bring together parted relations, remove curses, and result in limitless gifts.

Maghe Sankranti 

In the holy month of Magh the sun enters the southern hemisphere, and the days begin to grow longer and warmer. Lord Vishnu the Preserver is thanked for his efforts. On Maghe Sankranti (the first day of Magh) people take an early morning bath in a holy river, visit the shrines of Vishnu, and present flowers, incense and food to him. They read the Bhagwad Gita, also known as The Song of the Gods, rub mustard oil over their bodies, and enjoy feasts of rice cooked with lentils, yams or taruls - a must - and laddu, sweets made of sesame and a sugarcane paste.

Basanta Panchami  

Basanta, or spring, ushers in the loveliest time of the year. Crowds gather at Kathmandu's Durbar Square while His Majesty the King and other dignitaries welcome the season as a band plays the traditional song of spring. A different celebration occurs at Swayambhu and at the Nil Sarashwati shrine near Lazimpat. Saraswati, the goddess of learning, arts and crafts is worshiped at her temples. Artists, musicians, teachers, and students bring flowers, unbroken rice, and other gifts to please her.


Maha Shivaratri 

Lord Shiva is one of Nepal's most popular gods. During Maha Shivaratri, his "Great Night", followers throughout the Indian sub-continent crowd the Pashupati temple to worship him. On this occasion -there is no space even for a sesame seed". Colorful sadhus, the wandering sages who emulate Shiva, rub ashes over their bodies, give lectures to disciples, meditate, or practice yoga. Devotees pray to Shiva's image inside the temple at midnight and may queue for up to six hours to look at the image. Bonfires are lit, neighbours and friends share food, and devotees enjoy two days and a night of music, song, and dance throughout the Pashupati complex and in the streets.

Losar 

Sherpas and Tibetans welcome their New Year with feasts, family visits and dancing. Families done their finest clothes and jewellery and exchange gifts. Buddhist monks offer prayers for good health and prosperity, and perform dances at the monasteries. Colorful prayer flags decorate streets and rooftops; the colors seem especially brilliant at the Bouddha and Swayambhu stupas. Crowds of celebrants at Bouddha bring in the New Year by throwing tsampa (roasted barley flour) into the air.

Fagu Purnima 

Fagu Purnima or Holi is one of the most colorful and playful festivals of Nepal. The chir pole, decorated with colorful flags and erected on the first day of Fagu at Kathmandu's Durbar Square, is a formal announcement to all: hide your good clothes, for throughout the week you may be splashed with colored powder and water balloons. The last day is the wildest youths covered with red vermilion powder roam the streets as inviting targets.


Chaitra Dashain

Red vermilion powder, family blessings, and goat and duck sacrifices are essential to praise the victory of Ram, hero of the epic Ramayana, over the evil king Rawan. Mother Goddess Durga, the source of all power, must be supplicated too, for her powers helped Ram achieve his victory Hindu woman.

Ghode Jatra 

Ghode Jatra, the festival of horses, is a yearly sports event taking place at the Tundikhel parade ground in central Kathmandu. Its roots go back several hundred years, though it is also associated with older religious traditions. At midnight as the parade grounds, the images of Bhadra Kali and her sister goddess are carried from their respective temples and placed in the middle of the dark expanse. A third sister goddess is then brought from another locality and made bow before the first two images. The actual horse-racing is conducted with great gusto and spectators come from all over the Valley as well as from more distant, to witness the exciting event. Their Majesties the King and the Queen are also a part of the jatra audience of the ideal Hindu woman.


Biska Jatra

During this important festival, the old kingdom of Bhaktapur and its neighboring areas replay a brama passed on over the centuries. Images of wrathful and somewhat demonic deities are placed on tottering chariots. They are offered blood sacrifices, flowers, and coins. Men brimming with youthful vigor and rice beer drag the chariots across brick-paved streets of the town, and wherever these raths stop, lamps are lit and devotees overflow into the surrounding alleys. Other gods and goddesses, too, are put on palanquins and carried around so that they may see the sights. At Bode village, there is a tongue-boring ceremony in which the dedicated may reserve a place in heaven.

New Year's Day

The Nepalese follow their own calendar system known as the Bikram Era or Bikram Sambat. Nawabarsha is celebrated on the first day of the first month of the New Year and is observed as an official holiday. In Bhaktapur, fifteen kilometers from Kathmandu, the New Year celebrations take on added importance at Bisket Jatra. Images of the god Bhairav and his female counterpart Bhadrakali are enshrined in two large chariots and pulled through crowds of cheering on lookers. When the chariot reaches a sloping open square, there is a tug-of-war between the inhabitants of the upper and lower parts of the town. Winners are considered to be blessed with good fortune for the coming year. The festival concludes with several days of dancing and worship. Thimi, another ancient town of the Valley, also celebrates the New Year with special festivities.

Bhoto Jatra

This festival takes place in Patan. During the celebrations the towering chariot of Lord Machchhendranath is pulled by ropes through the narrow streets of the city, followed by a large crowd of worshippers in front of the chariot. A small crowd of musicians and soldiers add even more excitement to the occasion. Over a period of several weeks, the chariot is slowly hauled to Jawalakhel where thousands of devotees burn oil lamps and keep an all-night vigil. During this chariot festival the Bhoto or Sacred waistcoat, itself the subject to many legends, is displayed from the chariot. A final ritual is then conducted to mark Lord Machchhendranath's yearly return to his home in the nearby village of Bungmati.

Buddha Jayanti 

Ever-benevolent Buddha was born in Nepal, and the religion he preached is the second most popular in the kingdom. On full moon day, the Lord's birth, enlightenment, and salvation are applauded throughout the valley with celebrations. Swayambhu and Boudhanath Stupas are prepared for the oncoming festivities several days in advance. Monasteries are cleaned, statues are polished, bleft prayer flags waft in the breeze, and monks prepare to dance. On the Jayanti day, people reach the stupas before dawn, go around them and give offerings to the many Buddha images there.


Gunla

The monsoon has arrived, and the fields have been planted. It is time for Kathmandu Valley Buddhists to observe Gunla. The month-long festivities celebrate a retreat-initiated twenty-five centuries ago by the Buddha. It is a time for prayer, fasting, meditation and religious music. Worshippers climb past jungles, stone animals, great statues of the Buddha, and begging monkeys to Swayambhu's hilltop where daily prayers begin before dawn. Oil lamps, prayer flags, religious statues, and scroll paintings adorn the monasteries as temple bells chime and powerful scents fill the air. Important Buddhist statues,, and monasteries are on display at the monasteries, and the teachings of Lord Buddha are remembered as the rains nurture the rice, Nepal's most important crop.

Janai Purnima

On Janai Purnima. a full moon day, high-caste Hindus chant the powerful Gayatri mantra and change their Sacred Thread (janai), while a raksya bandhan, a red or yellow protection cord, is tied around the wrists of other Hindus and Buddhists. Pilgrims journey to the mountains north of Kathmandu. Here they emulate Lord Shiva by bathing in the sacred lake of Gosaikund. Those unable to make the trek celebrate at Shiva's Kumbheswar Mahadev temple.


Gai Jatra 

The gai, or cow, is holy to Hindus. She represents Laxmi, the goddess of wealth, and guides the souls of the departed to the gates of the Netherworld. But Gai Jatra is not a somber occasion. Satire, jokes, fancy costumes, and colorful processions are the order of the day as people recall how an eighteenth-century king rallied his people to cheer his queen upon the death of their son. Those who have experienced the death of close ones during the past year share their sorrow and take comfort in the fact that the gai has safely transported the departed souls on their afterlife journey. Young men wearing women's saris, children dressed up as cows, and whimsical characters of all sorts fill the streets. Special issues of local magazines poke fun at everyone and everything - even the most important people aren't spared.

Krishnashtami 

Krishnashtami or the birthday of Lord Krishna is celebrated in commemoration of the hero of the Hindu epic Mahabharata. On this day, worshippers carry ornate, decorated statues and pictures of Lord Krishna through the streets, often with bands of musicians following or preceding the procession. In Patan, thousands of devotees flock to the Krishna temple to worship and receive blessings.

Teej

Pashupati, the temple of Shiva, is drenched in crimson during Teej as women in their fine red wedding saris crowd the temple grounds. This unique women's festival is marked by fasting, folk songs, and dancing as the women recall Parbati's devotion to her husband Shiva. Married women visit their fathers' homes. All daughters and sisters receive gifts from their male kin, and an elaborate feast is prepared for them. It's a loud and cheerful celebration until late at night, when strict fasting begins. Unmarried women who fast on this day will have good luck in finding suitable husbands. Married women who fast will find their husbands faithful and will see the bond of love grow. The blessings of Shiva and Parbati ensure that family life will be joyous for all.


Indra Jatra

Indra, King of Heaven and controller of the rains, has once again blessed the Valley. As the end of the monsoon nears, farmers look forward to a rich harvest: everyone is grateful to the deva for his help. For eight days, Kathmandu's Durbar Square is the focus of a great celebration fit to -flatter the King of Heaven." Indra's dhwaj, or flag, is erected on the first day. It is said that many centuries ago, Indra's mother needed specially - scented flowers but could not find them in heaven's gardens. Indra discovered parijat flowers in the Kathmandu Valley and tried to steal them for his mother. He was caught and imprisoned by the Valley people. When Indra's mother came searching for him the people were appalled by what they had done. They released Indra and dedicated one of the most colorful festivals of Nepal to him to appease his anger. Masks and statues representing Vishnu, Bhairab, and Shiva are shown to the public and the Goddess Kumari witnesses the special occasion from her chariot. Indra is thanked for the rains and assured once again that he is respected in the Kathmandu Valley.

Dashain 

Dashain is the longest and most favorite festival of Nepal. Everyone stays home with their families, offices close and Radio Nepal plays Dashain music. The skies of Kathmandu are filled with kites and the marketplaces are filled with farmers bringing their buffaloes, goats and chickens to sell. The animals are to be sacrificed on the night of Kal Ratri to the goddess Durga to celebrate her victory over evil. On the day of Dashami, everyone puts on new clothes and goes to honor their family elders, where they receive large red tikas of vermilion paste on their foreheads. In the following days of Dashain, families and friends unite, feasts are consumed, blessings are imparted and gifts are exchanged. Nepal's most beloved festival ends with the full moon.


Mani Rimdu

Mani Rimdu is a Sherpa festival celebrated during the fall at Tengboche Monastery in the Everest region. For five days, Lamas and Sherpas gather for "the good of the world." There are plays, masked dances, prayers, and feasting. Demons are quelled and the pious rewarded. The days are colorful and trips to the Everest region are very rewarding indeed if they can be organized during the days of the festival.

Tihar

Tihar, known as the Festival of Lights, is a time of candlelight, tinsel decorations and festive colored sweets. On different days, there are offerings and small celebrations for crows, dogs, cows and oxen. On the night of Lakshmi Puja, garlands are hung and lamps are lighted to invite Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth, into the home. Mha Puja, the New Year's Day according to the Nepal Era, is the day of the self, when people give themselves blessings to remain healthy and happy for the rest of the year. Bhai Tika, the last day of Tihar, is the day when sisters make offerings to their brothers. The rituals of breaking a walnut, putting on garlands of makhamali flowers and encircling brothers in rings of mustard oil protects them from Yama, lord of the Netherworld.


Bala Chaturdarsi

This simple, festive day takes place in the ancient forest surrounding the temple of Pashupatinath. It is one of the oldest traditions of the Valley. Families who have lost a loved one in the last year keep an all-night vigil in the forest, lighting oil lamps and singing songs. Following a ritual morning bath, people walk through the forest, scattering seven types of grain along the paths and over the linga of Lord Shiva to give merit to their late kinsmen and to cleanse the sins of a mythological man called Bala who had been transformed into a demon.

Bibah Panchami 

All the people of the Hindu world know the story of the marriage of the hero Ram and the princess Sita, as told in the epic Ramayana. King Janak, Sita's father, proposed a test of strength for the suitors of his daughter: to string the great bow of Lord Shiva. Warriors, kings and chieftains came from afar, but no man could even lift the bow. Ram lifted the bow with ease and when he tried to string it, the bow shattered into pieces. Ram and Sita were married in Janakpur, now in southern Nepal, and their marriage is celebrated to this day. Each year, idols of Ram and Sita are brought out in procession and their Hindu wedding ceremony is re-enacted during a week-long religious fair. Bibah Panchami reflects the devotion of Hindus to Ram, perhaps the most popular among the incarnations of Vishnu, and to Sita, the model of the ideal Hindu woman.

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The southern belt of Nepal is known as the Terai. It is lowland covered with dense subtropical forest. Here you will find some of National Parks in Nepal. The national parks and game reserves of the Terai offer some of the finest Wildlife experiences in Asia, and it definitely is the ultimate in sub-tropical adventure. Endangered species such as one-horned rhinos, Royal Bengal tigers, and Gharial crocodiles abound on the ground, while uncountable species of birds and butterflies dominate the air. The indigenous Tharu ethnic group lives in the lowland Terai areas around the parks areas, and provides a surprising cultural contrast to the mountain peoples of the north. Nepal's parks and reserves offer incredible Wildlife viewing opportunities just choose the best one to suit your time and interests.

You will be going into deep jungle on elephant back or four-wheel drive to view wild animals in their natural habitat. The activity of Nepal Jungle Safari includes canoeing, nature walks, bird watching, excursions, and visit to an ethnic Tharu village in the Jungle Safari Park. There are 14 national parks and wildlife reserves in the Kingdom.


Bardiya National Park is the largest and most undisturbed wild area of the Terai, densely covered by Sal forests, reverie forests and grassland. Within its confines of 968 square kilometers, there are animals such the rhinoceros, wild elephant, tiger, swamp deer, black buck, Gharial, crocodile and Gangetic dolphin. Endangered birds include the Bengal Florican, Lesser Florican, Silver- eared Mesia, and Saras Crane. Over 30 different animals, 200 species of resident and migratory birds, including many reptiles and fish are found thriving in this wilderness.

Fauna

One horned Rhinoceros, Royal Bengal Tiger, wild elephant, Different types of deer: spotted deer or Chittal, Hog deer, Samber, Swamp deer or Barasingha, wild boar, wild bison or Nilgai, wild dog, Golden Jackal, Stripped Hyena, monkeys, sloth bear, etc. fresh water Dolphins, Crocodile (Gharials & Magars).

How to Reach

By Road
12 to 14 Hours by Private car or by local bus.

By Air
Fly to Nepalganj (90 minutes) and then 3 to 4 hour drive to Thakurdwar.

Jungle Safari

Jungle Walk: To see Sal forest, open grass land, mammals and birds, and to track Tiger through their foot prints with the help of trackers.

Village Walk: To see the village and life of Ethnic people Tharu.

Wait in Machan: To see Bird, wild animals, and Royal Bengal Tiger (if lucky).

Elephant Ride Visit to River Karnali: To see fresh water Dolphins, Crocodiles, and Bird watch.

White Water Rafting through rapids, hillside forests, and deep jungle; Bird watching, sighting of Dolphins and crocodiles, etc. Cultural program from Tharus in their traditional colorful costumes. The variety includes famous stick dance and dance with guests.

Bardiya National Park Safari Tour
03 Nights / 04 Days

Day 01
Arrival and free time, evening Discover Tharu life, Tharu culture and Dinner.

Day 02
Whole day walking safari to cover Baghaphanta Watching Tower, grassland, and wild elephant area.

Day 03
Exploration of Tiger Territory on foot and Elephant ride safari in afternoon.

Day 04
Very early morning bird watching; after lunch depart. Extra day River rafting.


The Chitwan National Park (932 sq. km.) 200 km south west of Kathmandu is most popular Wild Life Safari Park in Nepal.

Fauna

Chitwan National Park is the largest habitat for one horned Rhinos, and is also second largest habitat for Royal Bengal Tigers in Nepal. Other wild animals are: wild elephants, four species of Deer, Sloth bear, Gaur (bovine), wild Boar, Striped Hyena, Jackals, Crocodiles (Ghariyal and Magars), Leopards, Langoor (monkey), and many more. Endangered Birds like giant Hornbill, Bengal florican, black Stork, white Stork, etc. are among 450 species of birds found in the park.

Village Sauraha and Eco-Tourism Village

Sauraha is an old settlement of ethnic Tharu people. The village Sauraha is in buffer zone jungle of Chitwan National Park. The Chitwan National Park is best known for Conservation of wild life and Eco-tourism in the world where as Sauraha is a best example of a jungle village, adjacent to the park, where Men and wild animals support each other for their living.

Rapti River Beach

The beach of River Rapti is a very popular spot in Sauraha. You can enjoy the best sunset view in a hot evening with a chilled beer.

Safari Inside Chitwan National Park

You can stay in a resort inside Chitwan National Park. There are several resorts inside the park at from west to east part. The tariffs of such resorts are higher than those resorts at buffer zone. However you will have more modern facilities in the resorts at Buffer zone. Sighting of animals also vary from one location to other.

How to Reach

By Air

Daily flights from Kathmandu to Bharatpur Airport duration about 25 minute; US$ 87.00 per person and hotel transfer from the Bharatpur airport costs US$ 20.00 per jeep.

By Road
Private Vehicle:
4 Hours drive and you can enjoy en-route Cable Car ride to Mankamana Temple; from US$ 50.00 per person for a group of three; from Kathmandu or Pokhara.
Tourist Bus: 5-6 hours cost US$ 8.00 to 15.00 per person; from Kathmandu or Pokhara.

By White Water River Rafting
You can make journey to Chitwan National Park more adventurous by white water river rafting. You can enjoy river rafting in Trishuli River (grade 2-3). The rafting trip in river Trishuli can be a trip of 1 to 3 days from Kathmandu. Or you can enjoy 2 days river rafting in Sheti River (grade 2-3) if you are going from Pokhara.

Jungle Safari

Elephant Ride:
You climb on an Elephant back, ride into the grassland which is as tall as an elephant and virgin forest of the Park to see Rhinos, tigers, and other wild animals.

Safari Activities: Elephant ride, Jungle walks, Bird watching, Canoeing in a dug-out canoe, Visit to Elephant breeding center, etc.

Cultural Activities: Tours in and around Tharu village and cultural programs performed by the ethnic Tharu communities. The Cultural variety includes famous stick dance and dance with guests.

Additional Activities: Jungle drives by Jeep (seasonal), Devghat tour, and visit to the exotic Bis Hazari Taal (Twenty Thousand Lakes).

Chitwan National Park Safari Tour
02 Nights / 03 Days

Day 01

Lunch upon arrival; Village Tour and Sunset view from beach Rapti River; Dinner.

Day 02
Jungle walks after early morning Tea/Coffee. After breakfast Canoeing and Trip to Elephant breeding center; after lunch, Elephant ride. Evening: Cultural program and Dinner around the camp firing.

Day 03
Bird Watching (or extra elephant ride at extra cost) after early morning tea/coffee. Breakfast: 0800 hrs.


Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, with an area of 175 square kilometers, is situated in the embankments of the Sapta Koshi river system.

Flora

The vegetation consists mainly of grassland, scrub and deciduous forests.

Fauna

This reserve is unique for its 100 or so surviving wild water buffaloes. Other animals are the hog deer, wild boar, spotted, and the Gaur. The species of birds total 280 here and includes 20 of ducks, two of ibises, many storks, egrets, herons and the endangered swamp partridges and Bengal floricans. The region is a resting place for migrating birds not seen anywhere in Nepal. Endangered Gharial crocodiles and Gangetic dolphins have also been sighted in the Koshi River.

How to Reach

By Road

10 to 12 Hours by Private car or by local bus.

By Air
Fly to Biratnagar 70 minutes and then 2 to 3 hour drive to Koshitappu.

Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve Safari & Bird Watching Tour
02 Nights / 03 Days

Day 01

Arrival in the resort and briefing about the program. Lunch. Bird walk in the marshland outside the reserve to see the storks, ibises, snipes, waterfowl etc. or optional elephant ride. Slide show on the natural history of the reserve followed by Nepali dinner.

Day 02
Breakfast full day excursion on boat and four wheels drive with pack lunch to see waders, waterfowls, birds of prey, marsh crocodile, otters, wild water buffalo and gangetic dolphins including a visit to Pink Tower (full day), cultural dance followed by dinner.

Day 03
Bird watching around the camp area or leisure. Breakfast. Departure.

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Kathmandu – Shivapuri – Pokhara – Chitwan National Park – Koshi – Phulchoki
11 Nights / 12 days


Day 01          Arrive Kathmandu – Shivpuri
Arrive Kathmandu upon arrival, meet / assist and transfer to Park Village Hotel & Resort. Rest of the day at Leisure. Only a stone's throw away from Park Village lies the Shivapuri National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary which is the only National park in the world closed to the capital city (i.e. 7 km) and international airport (i.e. 9 km). With its prime forest and abundance rich genetic biodiversity, Shivapuri Mountain also serves as the country's major watershed catchments area. Shivapuri Jungle represents a transition zone between the temperate and subtropical climates. It is surrounded by a 115 km long boundary wall at its base, and a 95 km long forest inspection road circles the reserve. Shivapuri and Budhanilkantha region has a great historic botanical significance.
Shivapuri National park has a good wildlife habitat. One hundred and seventy seven species of birds are recorded in the reserve including paradise flycatcher and Spiny Babbler. You can enjoy bird watching by exploring the moss encrusted oak rhododendron forest at the higher elevations and in the subtropical broad -leaved forest in the lower levels. The search is for Himalayan specialties ranging from tiny sunbirds and skulking wren babblers to the flocks of vociferous laughing thrushes. It is sure that the chorus of birds will make you craning your neck for sightings. We see many interesting species including leaf warbler, Scarlet finch, Kalij pheasant, Rufous sibia, Streak breasted scimitar babbler, laughing thrush, and possibly a Spiny babbler the only endemic of Nepal.

Day 02          In Shivapuri (Nature Walk)
After Breakfast, Full day Nature walk. You can walk for hours enjoying the natural beauty. It is a great experience walking through different kinds of forests with the chirping of birds, sounds of cascades, observing the spider webs and looking at the fluttering colorful butterflies. The trails are still and cool and you pass through the smells of wild flowers and plants. Trails pass through the thickets where you feel the wilderness. And more energetic walker can climb to the Shivapuri peak where they will find peace, serenity, refreshing, air and view of Himalayas. Overnight at Hotel.

Day 03          Shivapuri – Pokhara
After breakfast, drive to Pokhara. Rest of the day free overnight at Fishtail Lodge.

Day 04          In Pokhara
After breakfast, Full day walking tour: Full day for exploring the surrounding jungle for birds and other wildlife through the bank of Lake Phewa on boating. You should be able to find a large number of birds here and all six species of Himalayan pheasants can be found in the surrounding area. You will also have time to take a boat out or explore the forest on the southern shore of the Lake. The area is full of birds and include Skylark, Flycatcher, Bulbul, Sibia, Sunbirds, Tits, Nepal Cutia, Yuhina, Woodpeckers, Drongo, Barbet, Leaf Warblers, Parakeet, Malkoha, Minivets, Thrush, Flycatchers, Warblers, Tailorbird, Wood Shrike, Minla, Kalij Pheasant, Ducks, Gulls, Terns, Waders, Black -headed Forktail, Puff throated Babbler. Overnight at Fishtail Lodge.

Day 05         Pokhara – Chitwan National Park
After breakfast, we drive to Chitwan National park. Transfer by road from Pokhara to Chitwan. A drive of approx. 5 hours. After checking in, you will have time for a late afternoon Nature Walk or Elephant Safari. Elephant Safari, travel through open grassland and dense forests on elephant back in search of rare game. Be on the lookout for the great one horned rhino, four species of deer, wild boar, sloth bear, leopard, bison and the big one, The Royal Bengal Tiger. Canoeing, a traditional dugout canoe takes you on a silent trip down the Rapti River to view birds, crocodiles and the animals of the riverbank. Overnight at Machan Wildlife Resort.

Day 06          In Chitwan National Park (Safari & Nature Walk)
After breakfast, Full day jungle activities includes Nature walk, Elephant back safari, Canoeing etc. During nature walk you can view the marshes and small lakes where there are different types of birds like Cormorants, Darter, Cinnamon Bittern, Black-crowned Night and Purple Herons, Asian Openbill, Woolly-necked and Lesser Adjutant Storks, Lesser Whistling Duck, Cotton Pygmy Goose, Balloons Ruddy-breasted and Brown Crakes, Purple Gallinule, Bronze-winged Jacana, Painted Snipe and Stork-billed Kingfisher, Chestnut-crowned and Spotted Bush Warblers, Yellow Hipbird Cheer Pheasant bellied Prinia, Clamorous Reed, dusky and Smoky Warblers, and Red-capped Babbler. Forest species regular seen are Lesser Fishing and Grey headed Eagle, Brown Fish Owl, Changeable Hawk-Eagle, Kalij Pheasant, Emerald Dove, Orange-breasted Green and Pompadour Green Pigeon, Mustached Parakeet, Green-billed Malkoha, Brown Hawk Owl, Crested Treeswift, Pied and Great Hornbills, Streak-throated Green, Rufous, Himalayan Golden-backed and Greater Golden- backed Woodpeckers, Large Woodshrike Rosy Minivet, Black- crested Bulbul, Golden fronted Leafbird, Pale-chinned Flycatcher, Black-napped Monarch, Puff-throated Babbler, Whitebrowed Scimitar-Babbler, Grey-throated Babbler, Crimson Sunbird, Thick-billed Flowerpecker, Hill Mynah, Black-hooded Oriole, White-rumped Shama, Lesser Necklaced, Greater Necklaced and Rufous-necked Laughing-thrushes, Nepal Fulvetta, Streaked Spiderhunter, yellow-bellied Warbler, Rufous-bellied Eagle, Forest Eagle, Tawny Fish Owls, Red-headed Trogon, White browed Piculet, Great Slaty Woodpecker, Long-tailed Broadbill, Ruby-cheeked Sunbird and Little Spiderhunter. Overnight at Machan Wildlife Resort.

Day 07          Chitwan – Koshi
After breakfast, we drive to Koshi Camp the eastern part of Nepal. The drive will take about eight to Ten hours but we will stop for any interesting things we see on the way. Upon arrival at Koshi camp, the naturalist will brief on the facilities of the camp and the activities.
This beautiful reserve is situated on the Koshi River; one of the main tributaries of the Ganges Further down, the river has been dammed by the Koshi Barrage forming an artificial wetland, which attracts an enormous variety of birds. In this area alone, on some occasions, one can see 150 species in a single day. Our accommodation at Koshi is a luxury tented camp with modern shared facilities set in an isolated compound by ponds and riverine forest. This enables us to see species like Intermediate Egret, Yellow and Cinnamon Bitterns, Black-necked and Lesser Adjutant Storks, Black and Black-headed Ibises, Ruddy Crake, Pied, White-breasted and Stork-billed Kingfishers, Striated Grassbird, Smoky Warbler and many other birds close to our base. Overnight at Koshi Camp.

Day 08          In Koshi (Bird Watching)
The day always start with an early morning wake up call, which is the best time to see birds. Bird watching, on first light for the early wakers, in the camp premises and marshlands can be very rewarding to see the shy species like Crakes and Bitterns.
The highly nocturnal Fishing cat which hunts in our camp ponds can sometimes be seen at dawn and dusk and one has to be very silent to approach the ponds. Breakfast will be followed by a full day bird watching walk inside the Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve with packed lunch. The area between the Camp and Kusaha (Park Headquarter) is the best area for birds and wildlife. The thin Indian Rosewood forest provide excellent habitat for Warblers, Flycatchers, Oriole, Bush Warblers, Raptors and a large varieties of Waders. Returning to the camp by late afternoon for a cup of tea/ coffee or a bottle of chilled beer! Dinner followed by briefing for the next day’s program. Overnight at Koshi Camp.

Day 09          In Koshi (Birding)
Today we make an early morning start after breakfast. We will explore the Koshi River by inflatable boats, observing a number of birds on the way, and looking for Black-bellied and River Terns and the uncommon Gangetic Dolphin. We will visit the river islands for such species as Great Thick-knee, Verditer Flycatcher, Spotted Bush Warbler and Rosy Minivet, returning to the camp via the many ponds teeming with wildfowl including possibly Spot-billed and Falcated Ducks and Baer's Pochard. A wide variety of raptors hunt over the area including Pallas's Fish Eagle and White-tailed Eagle, Red-necked Falcon and Pied Harrier.
Another full day's birding in Koshi includes a visit to the bird-rich Koshi Barrage and a neighboring tract of forest where such species as Oriental Pied Hornbill, Orange-breasted Green Pigeon and Abbott's Babbler occur. Mammals, including Asiatic Golden Jackal and Jungle Cat, are occasionally seen. vernight at Koshi Camp.

Day 10          Koshi (Bird Watching) & Fly Kathmandu
We spend the morning of today bird watching around the camp premises before breakfast. We take time off for packing and depending on the flight time we departure for Biratnagar airport then take flight of 55 minutes back to Kathmandu. Upon arrival at Kathmandu airport, meet/ transfer to Godavari village resort. Rest of the day at leisure. Overnight at Godavari Village Resort.

Day 11          Kathmandu (Nature Walk)
After breakfast, Full day Nature walk: An hour's walk away (3 km) is the Royal Botanical Garden. Located at the foothills of Phulchoki, one of the highest hills surrounding Kathmandu valley, the garden is landscaped over 72 hectares of land. Over 500 species of plants can be found in the various gardens. The peak flowering season falls in spring and in autumn. The coming of spring is indicated by the bloom of Rhododendron Arboretum, the national flower of Nepal, and the dramatic appearance of a number of colorful flowers in the garden beds and the surrounding forests. The gardens are also the dwelling place for butterflies, Godavari area being a reservoir for hundreds of species of birds can be witnessed in this area. Overnight at Godavari Village Resort.

Day 12          Onward Destination
After breakfast, departure transfer to International airport for onward journey.

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Hiking in Nepal is simply walking through the low land of Nepal hills, village or valley and relatively a shorter and easier walking than trekking. Particularly For those visitors who are inexperience in walking up and down on the mountain and who have little time to experience the high mountains of Majestic Himalayas and Nepalese culture they can choose these short and easy hiking trips. We have compiled a list of opportunities for short lowland hiking trip and walking tours in Nepal. Here is not much difference between Hiking and Trekking in Nepal. Hiking is an initial part of trekking and relatively easier that still involve up and down on rural hilly areas below 3000 meters but offers glimpse of High Mountains views, while trekking takes you through the low land village to high Mountain pass up to almost 5, 600 meters. Hills of Nepal are very popular for hiking. Here are some hiking trips that we have described in this page are suited for all age people especially for the family groups and novices.

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This hike starts with the approximately 01 hour drive to Pharping south-west of Kathmandu. Pharping (19 km) is the typical Newari town, surprisingly untouched by the swarm of tourists that visit Dakshinkali (separate spot following the same road). Before the 1st Shaha King Prithvi Narayan Shaha, unified Nepal this was another tiny city-state. Walk for about 03 hours to the Champadevi Hill. Have a pack lunch there. The magnificent views of Kathmandu Valley, Kirtipur & others are seen from here.

Suggested Itinerary

Day 01
        Kathmandu – Drive to Pharping and walk 3 hours to Champadevi Hill
Day 02         Drive Back to Kathmandu


Dhulikhel, 32 km northeast, is popular as a Himalayan Viewing Point with Newari settlement. Drive for about 35 minutes to Banepa and visit to nearby Panauti. This is an ancient riverside town of temples and inns. There are number of religious sites to should be visited. Indreshwar Mahadev Temple dedicated to Shiva, Bhairab Temple and the whole tiny city itself is remarkable to be witnessed. Have the pack lunch and after the further exploration drive back to Kathmandu. This hike consists of about 6-7 hours walk.

Suggested Itinerary

Day 01         
Kathmandu – Dhulikhel
Day 02         Dhulikhel – Kathmandu via Bhaktapur


Drive to Kakani, 23 km northwest of Kathmandu, stand at 2073 m on a ridge for about 01 hour. The tranquility of the surrounding gives you the immense pleasure and the Himalayas like Annapurna, Machhapuchhare, Ganesh Himal, Langtang can be viewed from here. Take an easy walk to Gujre which is about 03 hours walk. Have a pack lunch down to Balaju & 10 minutes drive from here will bring you to Kathmandu. This hike consists of about 5-6 hours walk.


Max. Altitude: 2175 m
Season: Sep – May

Nagarkot is a widely enjoyed hill resort. It has been a weekend spot for mountain viewers in quiet and comfort. The sunrise viewed from this hill present you the ever-refreshing memory of the majestic panoramic view of the Himalayan ranges from Dhaulagiri in the west and Mt. Everest in the east. On the way you can observe the historic and cultural town at Sankhu.

Suggested Itinerary

Day 01

Drive at around 09 AM to Sankhu by the private vehicle. Start walking from Sankhu crossing great farming field and local houses and the sacred Hindu River called Salinadi. Walk some 04 hours to Nagarkot where the last part is up. Lunch on the way. Overnight in the Hotel in Nagarkot 2170 m.

Day 02
Wake up early in the morning to enjoy the view of Sunrise over the great Himalayan Ranges including Everest 8848 m. and others as Langtang, Gaurishankar, and Ganesh Himal. Breakfast in the Hotel and then walk down through the village. The walking is amazing in the pine forest. Visit famous and historical Hindu temple Changunarayan (World Heritage Site UNESCO) and drive back to your Hotel.


Max. Altitude: 2800 m
Season: Sep – May

This hiking begins at Budhanilkantha (northern Kathmandu) with the option end at Nagarkot or Dhulikhel. At Budhanilkantha, you have the chance to see the ancient statue of Lord Vishnu sleeping on a bed of snakes. Spectacular panoramic views of snow capped Himalayan peaks and a magnificent view of the sunset and sunrise, with the magical change of color that they produce on the mountains, will be seen from the slopes of Shivapuri, the second highest hill in the Kathmandu Valley. The valley rim lies between 1800 and 2800m and in spring offers early flowering rhododendrons.

Suggested Itinerary

Day 01
        Shivapur Hiking
Day 02         Shivapuri – Dhap
Day 03         Dhap – Nagarkot
Day 04         Nagarkot – Transfer back to Kathmandu

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When it comes to white water rafting and kayaking, Nepal has the best on offer in the world. Nepal has rivers to cover every level of white water activity after the monsoon offers the most adrenaline packed rivers to all adventure seekers. This mountainous country spoils the adventure for choice when it comes to white water. Not only is rafting a great action adventure holiday, but it’s a great way to discover the beauty of Nepal. The rivers all originate high up in the Himalaya and snake there way downwards through some of the most spectacular scenery in the world. Not only do you get to see firsthand Nepal’s nature but also you get to experience her ancient and unique culture as you raft through remote villages and farm land. Nepal’s selection of rivers covers a range of grades which accommodate everything from the ultimate adrenaline adventure, an action packed river ride to a fun family holiday.
Some of the remote rivers offer long rafting trips which incorporate some trekking. These kinds of trips are truly trips of a life time as you have to bring with you everything you need and be totally self reliant and sufficient. These rivers churn out their courses through some of the most pristine wilderness and isolated villages that Nepal has to offer.
Rafting is not the only option here. All of Nepal’s rives can be kayaked. The range of rivers in Nepal covers experienced to novice kayakers. For the first time kayaker, you can take time out and do a clinic to learn kayaking. These clinics cover everything from safety and technique to river craft. Can you imagine a better way to discover Nepal than by floating down its majestic rivers in your own kayak? What better way to get up close and personal with this stunning country?
In Nepal you will truly find some of the world’s most outstanding river journeys. As rafting and kayaking is an activity that needs to be arranged through our company, why not let Sarita Holidays Travels & Tours organize your trip for you? We guarantee a fun and adventure packed trip guided by the highest standard guides with the best equipment.
The best seasons for rafting are September through mid-December and March through early May. Some rivers can be rafted from late June through to august.
In Nepal the government has opened 16 rivers graded on a scale of 1 to 5 for commercial rafting but there are 7 main rivers which will provide you with a rewarding rafting/ kayaking experience.


The beautiful Arun River in Nepal’s springs up from the Everest region joining with the Sunkoshi on the way and snakes its way onto the Indian plains in Bihar. Along the path, the Arun rambles through spectacular mountain scenery, remote villages and farming valleys. At its peak flow in places, this river truly rages with some rapid graded as class VI. In other places, the Arun meanders along at a more sedate pace allowing you time for relaxation and to enjoy your pristine surroundings.

Due to Arun’s remoteness getting there is all part of the action. You can travel the 500 km over two days by road or fly to a nearby airstrip. From the bus or airstrip it is four hours trek to Kartikeghat, you’re put in point. Though difficult to get to, it is certainly one of the most rewarding river trips in Nepal.

River Rafting Highlights

•        Explore the spectacular mountain scenery
•        Unique remote villages and farming valleys
•        Rewarded trip
•        Discover the Arun's remoteness

River Rafting Itinerary

Day 01
Kathmandu to Tumlingtar: An hour's flight from Kathmandu to Tumlingtar takes you away from the hustle and bustle of Kathmandu. The Tumlingtar flight if scheduled in the afternoon, the camp shall be put up in Tumlingtar itself. The afternoon could be spent in visiting this tiny village with its small teashops and airstrip. Briefing for the next day's trip in the evening.

Day 02
Savaiya Khola: Breakfast will normally be served at 8: 30 AM. Trek for about two hours at a gradual pace until Sabiya Khola. Briefing for the next day's schedule. Get the equipments ready to start early for the following day.

Day 03
Megan Besi: As soon as we get on the river. From Tumlingtar, we get started at 9:30 AM after breakfast. Today is pretty smooth except for little rough ones of grade III/IV.

Day 04
Today could be more challenging than the previous days. We come across quite a number of rapids one after another. The first encounter is a left- bend rapid, before the suspension bridge at Ranighat. A number of rapids follow after this; one after another we finally camp nearby blithe rapid.

Day 05
Today is pretty smooth and relaxed compared to the previous days. The Arun River now merges with river Sunkosi to form in to a confluence of river Saptakosi, one of the major rivers of Nepal, which further flows to merge with the famous Ganges in India. Float along Saptakosi for another half an hour and we reach the site of a temple in Bara Chettra a Hindu temple dedicated to lord Vishnu. From here, float for another half an hour to Chattra. Drive back.

Day 06
Arrival Kathmandu

Price Information

The trip price will vary depending on the group size, duration and services required.

Price Includes

•        Transportation from / to Kathmandu by tourist bus as per itinerary. All International standard rafting equipment as necessary (Such as self bailing rafts, helmets, life jackets, kayaks, plastic paddles and spray jackets etc)
•        Well-trained and highly experienced rafting guides, cooks, and other helper staff
•        Camping & Cooking equipment (tents, mattress & kitchen gear)
•        3 times’ a day continental & Nepalese meals during the rafting period (breakfast, lunch & dinner)
•        Accommodation in 2 person capacity tent during the rafting
•        All staffs salary, insurance, meals etc
•        All necessary fees, Government/Local taxes, all national park and conservation area fees.
•        Tourist service charge

Price Excludes

•        Any type of personal expenditure such Alcoholic beverages and drinks, phone, and laundry
•        Food & accommodation cost in case of any natural accident caused by weather
•        Tips, Gratuities and expenditure


Beginning its life in Tibet (Bhote) this river (koshi) roars its way into Nepal through some of the most breathtaking valleys and gorges you will ever see. The Bhote Koshi path is the steepest in Nepal creating a torrent. In this river the rafting will be exciting without risking anything. Its and thrilling and at the same time most charming rafting trip not found anywhere else in the world. It is a very steep and very continuous mountain stream, a combination of fun and excitement and surrounded by mountains forests and waterfalls.

From the mountain Shisa Pangma (the 10th highest mountain in the world) the glacier waters roar down in to Nepal. It is a challenging and enthralling water trip which gives the rafter an experience of rafting in whitewater in this wonderful country, Nepal.

The Bhote Koshi has it all, thrilling action and breathtaking scenery from thrilling drops, deep gorges and amazing lime stone formations. Beginning near the border this trip allows you to take in the stunning beauty of the areas as well as take part in other activities at the last resort like canyoning, mountain bike riding and of course the Bungee Jump. Thus this river offers you nothing less than the trip of a life time.

Rafting Highlights

•        Explore the breathtaking valley and gorges
•        Exciting trip
•        Surrounded by mountains, forests and waterfalls stunning beauty

River Rafting Itinerary

Day 01         Rafting
Drive from Kathmandu to Baseri, take lunch and have rafting safety demonstration before talking-to the plunge and entering the river. Enjoy the afternoon of high action rafting, before pulling out of the river and making camp.

Day 02
We retrace out steps a little way back up the river, then go for it again before pulling out and making lunch. Pack up and take the three hour drive back to Kathmandu. Price Information The trip price will vary depending on the group size, duration and services required.

Price Includes

•        Transportation from / to Kathmandu by tourist bus as per itinerary
•        All International standard rafting equipment as necessary (Such as self bailing rafts, helmets, life jackets, kayaks, plastic paddles and spray jackets etc)
•        Well-trained and highly experienced rafting guides, cooks, and other helper staff
•        Camping & Cooking equipment (tents, mattress & kitchen gear)
•        3 times a day continental & Nepalese meals during the rafting period (breakfast, lunch & dinner)
•        Accommodation in 2 person capacity tent during the rafting
•        All staffs salary, insurance, meals etc
•        All necessary fees, Government/Local taxes, all national park and conservation area fees
•        Tourist service charge

Price Excludes

•        Any type of personal expenditure such Alcoholic beverages and drinks, phone, and laundry.
•        Food & accommodation cost in case of any natural accident caused by weather.
•        Tips, Gratuities and expenditure.
•        Rescue & insurance such as travel, cancellation, accident, health, emergency evacuation and loss, theft of or damage to baggage and personal effects. You are advised to insure for it.


The Kali Gandaki River is named after the Hindu goddess Kali. The River springs up on the edge of the Tibetan plateau in the Upper Mustang Region. It tumbles down to the plains through Dhaulagiri and Annapurna ranges carving through one of the deepest Canyons in the world. The Kali Gandaki is one of Nepal’s finest and most fun medium length Rivers, merging great white water with some of the Nepal’s fine scenery and fascinating villages. It runs with clear and blue water and offers breathtaking mountain views. Along the journey it travels through tiny villages and pristine land.

This river is one of the most holy in Nepal and the way is dotted with cremation and burial mounds along with many small temples.

This river offers a great range of rapids and gives you technical and fun rafting. In the evening your camp will be on the pristine white water sands and you will enjoy the quite night time.

River Rafting Highlights

•        Discover Nepal’s fine scenery and fascinating villages
•        Breathtaking mountain views
•        Travels through tiny villages and pristine land
•        Offers a great range of rapids
•        Tumbles down to the plains through Dhaulagiri and Annapurna ranges

River Rafting Itinerary

Day 01
Drive to the rafting put-in-point at Baglung, throughout the drive we have wonderful views of the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri peaks as well as the sacred Fishtail Mountain. Upon arrival we unload gear. We serve lunch and our professional guides will give you a full safety briefing. After briefing it is straight in the grade 4 rapid Little brother followed quickly by Big Brother. If you have any doubts you have no time to think about them now! It is grade 4 to 4+ all the way! The scenery is impressive with blue green water, high sided lush green valleys and amphitheatres of golden sandstone cliffs with eagles riding the updrafts. On the left, pass a fascinating temple and ghat at the river1s confluence with the Modi Khola. Tonight we camp at one of nature’s five star sites with mind blowing views and dancing waterfalls.

Day 02
Today is continuous grade 3 to 4 world-class white water with rapids like Rafter’s Refund and our Breaker. Wave trains and holes abound early so watch out if you don’t want to flip! Adrenalin junkies hold on tight but don’t forget to keep glancing back upstream to catch views of the amazing Annapurna’s. Once camped, the village of seti Beni is just a short walk upstream and guarantees to delight with its stone flagged lanes and curious youngsters skylarking.

Day 03
As we continue downstream, the river cliffs narrow eerily above us and we enter a somber canyon glistening with wet black rocks. You experience what can only be seen from the water, so drink it all in as we drift towards our take out point. After lunch we take the four hour drive back to Pohkara.

Price Information

The trip price will vary depending on the group size, duration and services required.

Price Includes

•        Transportation from / to Kathmandu by tourist bus as per itinerary
•        All International standard rafting equipment as necessary (Such as self bailing rafts, helmets, life jackets, kayaks)
•        Plastic paddles and spray jackets etc
•        Well-trained and highly experienced rafting guides, cooks, and other helper staff
•        Camping & Cooking equipment (tents, mattress & kitchen gear)
•        3 times a day continental & Nepalese meals during the rafting period (breakfast, lunch & dinner)
•        Accommodation in 2 person capacity tent during the rafting
•        All staffs salary, insurance, meals etc
•        All necessary fees, Government/Local taxes, all national park and conservation area fees
•        Tourist service charge

Price Excludes

•        Any type of personal expenditure such Alcoholic beverages and drinks, phone, and laundry.
•        Food & accommodation cost in case of any natural accident caused by weather.
•        Tips, Gratuities and expenditure.
•        Rescue & insurance such as travel, cancellation, accident, health, emergency evacuation and loss, theft of or damage to baggage and personal effects. You are advised to insure for it.


Rafting on the Karnali is considered as one of the best rafting trips in the world. Considered as Nepal’s Big and Mightiest River, it lies in the country’s Wild West, which has only been recently opened to tourism.

The river begins its life near to Tibet’s holy Mount Kailas. It carves its way through the Tibetan plateau and through the Himalaya into Nepal’s lush western forests. After the snow melt this river becomes a raging torrent with huge rapids which offers brilliant rafting and kayaking. A highlight is the 7km long gorge which is one long raging rapid that sucks you in one end and spits you out the other(in one piece). This is one of the Nepal’s must do rivers.

River Rafting Highlights

•        Explore the best rafting trip in the world
•        7 km long gorge
•        Begins its life near to Tibet’s holy Mount Kailas

River Rafting Itinerary

Day 01
This is a long bus journey, so be prepared with water etc. We travel to the far west and arrive in Surkhet very early hours of the morning. You are able have a sleep here.

Day 02
After breakfast, we will take a truck as far as the road goes until about lunch time (this all depends on availability…be flexible). After lunch we walk all afternoon to the put-in point at Sauli. A great walk which highlights just how “out there” you really are. You pass local villages and spectacular scenery, and then… you hear the river!

Day 03
The River gives the team time to build and there is enough challenging rapids and water flow to allow for learning errors. We still manage to get at least one great class IV rapid in. We camp and get excited about tomorrow.

Day 04
This is the type of day that people imagine when they think of Himalayan water. It is BIG and it is continuous. We enter into the jungle corridor. This is a narrowing jungle clad gorge and it is all ours. The team building is put into full practice and when your guide shouts “all forward” he really means it! Enjoy the ride all day and camp in this sensational setting.

Day 05
More of the same including the notorious GOD`S HOUSE rapid. Don’t forget to take in the bird life, which is equally as abundant as the lush vegetation. Camp and relax.

Day 06
It isn’t over yet! Keep paddling hard! You really are experiencing the best of the west on yet another day of great action and breathe taking scenery.

Day 07
This is a holiday after all, so we have programmed a rest day so you can take time to enjoy your surroundings and relax on a great sandy beach.

Day 08 & 09
We see the rapids dying off as we come out of the gorge. We pass the confluence with the Seti River where the river broadens. Today and the next day and a half are a chance to enjoy your journey admiring the country and villages you pass. You will have seen the safety kayakers in action and will no doubt be inspired, so ask the guides for some supervised instruction, or take over the raft and learn about the river. You see there is more to a rafting expedition than just rafters. Take out and transfer back to Kathmandu.

Price Information

The trip price will vary depending on the group size, duration and services required.

Price Includes

•        Transportation from / to Kathmandu by tourist bus as per itinerary. All International standard rafting equipment as necessary (Such as self bailing rafts, helmets, life jackets, kayaks, plastic paddles and spray jackets etc)
•        Well-trained and highly experienced rafting guides, cooks, and other helper staff
•        Camping & Cooking equipment (tents, mattress & kitchen gear)
•        3 times a day continental & Nepalese meals during the rafting period (breakfast, lunch & dinner)
•        Accommodation in 2 person capacity tent during the rafting
•        All staffs salary, insurance, meals etc
•        All necessary fees, Government/Local taxes, all national park and conservation area fees 
•        Tourist service charge

Price Excludes

•        Any type of personal expenditure such Alcoholic beverages and drinks, phone, and laundry.
•        Food & accommodation cost in case of any natural accident caused by weather.
•        Tips, Gratuities and expenditure.
•        Rescue & insurance such as travel, cancellation, accident, health, emergency evacuation and loss, theft of or damage to baggage and personal effects. You are advised to insure for it.


In the local dialect, Marshyangadi translates to Ragging River and is well-known as one of the best whitewater runs in the world. This is one of Nepal’s steepest rivers, combing with glorious views and its fascinating natural surrounding and typical culture it makes for an incredible trip. It offers some breath taking scenery as it snakes its way beyond Manaslu and Annapurna through forests and traditional villages. Rapids are continuous, very challenging and very committing. This solid white water is a serious trip, certainly not one for the faint of heart. This is a river that demands respect.

River Rafting Highlights

•        Discover the Ragging River
•        Nepal’s steepest rivers
•        Superb sights and captivating natural surrounding
•        Explore the awe-inspiring scenery

River Rafting Itinerary

Day 01
Drive to Nagdi 172 km. (Ktm)

Day 02
Raft to Bhode odar where we make our overnight camp, take time to relax and rest after you first day of rafting in the wild rapids.

Day 03
After breakfast, we join the raging river again for another day in this washing machine, one rapid blend into another as we roar our way down to Turture. Make our overnight camp and enjoy the quite evening around the camp fire.

Day 04
Our last day on the river, we say good bye with some serous rapids and white water action. On arrival in Bimal Nagar we make camp for the last time.

Day 05
Pack up camp and make the fiver hour drive back to Kathmandu

Price Information

The trip price will vary depending on the group size, duration and services required. 

Price Includes

•        Transportation from / to Kathmandu by tourist bus as per itinerary. All International standard rafting equipment as necessary (Such as self bailing rafts, helmets, life jackets, kayaks, plastic paddles and spray jackets etc)
•        Well-trained and highly experienced rafting guides, cooks, and other helper staff
•        Camping & Cooking equipment (tents, mattress & kitchen gear)
•        3 times’ a day continental & Nepalese meals during the rafting period (breakfast, lunch & dinner)
•        Accommodation in 2 person capacity tent during the rafting
•        All staffs salary, insurance, meals etc
•        All necessary fees, Government/Local taxes, all national park and conservation area fees
•        Tourist service charge

Price Excludes

•        Any type of personal expenditure such Alcoholic beverages and drinks, phone, and laundry.
•        Food & accommodation cost incase of any natural accident caused by weather.
•        Tips, Gratuities and expenditure.
•        Rescue & insurance such as travel, cancellation, accident, health, emergency evacuation and loss, theft of or damage to baggage and personal effects. You are advised to insure for it.


The Seti Khola is another classic Nepal River coming from the Himalaya, winding its way through forested canyons and twisted rock and sandstone formations. This river travels through Magar villages where the famous Gurkha soldiers hail.
The Seti Khola is a relaxing river with a lot of high action rapids. It offers great chances for swimming and wildlife spotting making it highly suitable for families and first timers. It is one of the most beautiful and pristine rivers in Nepal. You will get fun and enjoy very much this river while rafting. You can raft this river in combination with a trip to chitwan or Pohkara.

River Rafting Highlights

•        Nepal's classic and relaxing River
•        Explore the unique Magar village
•        Swimming and wildlife spotting

River Rafting Itinerary

Day 01

We leave Kathmandu in the early morning and drive to Damauli, our put in point. After the rafts are rigged we will set off down the Seti Khola. We spend the whole day within its forested canyon. The luxuriant vegetation we see is a remnant of the vast forested area, which once covered the middle hills of Nepal.
Even now we are objects of curiosity to the villagers. Traveling by rafts is a perfect way to view undisturbed wildlife. When we stop for lunch we have time to explore, Photograph, birdwatcher, swim or relax. Later in the afternoon we encounter a small but technical rapid near the village of Saranghat. Inhabited by Magars, who are renowned for generations of service with the Gurkha forces Saranghat, is a colorful middle hills village. Our first night we will set up camp on a spacious beach below the village.

Day 02
After we have finished breakfast and repacked the raft, we will set off down river. Later we encounter the technical rapid grade 3 shortly after the rapid we leave Seti Khola and enter Trisuli River. Here the middle hills recede and the Terai plain opens before us. The Topography has changed dramatically. The twisted severe rock formations give away to sandstone and gavel deposited by antecedent rivers.
After lunch we have opportunity to visit a unique religious community, Devhgat. Each Year thousands of pilgrims visit the ashram to worship.
At this point Kali Gandaki joins the Trisuli River. The river now becomes the Narayani River. We float further down to a small town Narayanghat where we end our River trip. Price Information The trip price will vary depending on the group size, duration and services required.

Price Includes

•        Transportation from / to Kathmandu by tourist bus as per itinerary. All International standard rafting equipment as necessary (Such as self bailing rafts, helmets, life jackets, kayaks, plastic paddles and spray jackets etc)
•        Well-trained and highly experienced rafting guides, cooks, and other helper staff
•        Camping & Cooking equipment (tents, mattress & kitchen gear)
•        3 times a day continental & Nepalese meals during the rafting period (breakfast, lunch & dinner)
•        Accommodation in 2 person capacity tent during the rafting
•        All staffs salary, insurance, meals etc
•        All necessary fees, Government/Local taxes, all national park and conservation area fees
•        Tourist service charge

Price Excludes

•        Any type of personal expenditure such Alcoholic beverages and drinks, phone, and laundry.
•        Food & accommodation cost in case of any natural accident caused by weather.
•        Tips, Gratuities and expenditure.
•        Rescue & insurance such as travel, cancellation, accident, health, emergency evacuation and loss, theft of or damage to baggage and personal effects. You are advised to insure for it.


Nepal is one of the world’s greatest trekking paradises that provide a great experience of unbeatable combination of diverse geography, flora, fauna and complex culture. It is also a pilgrimage to those long-cherished mountains, a pilgrimage during which one leaves civilization and enters remote lands traveling by foot over mountain ridges, crossing deep valleys and sleeping in one village after another. The trekking route follows the paths from one place to another, bringing the direct contact with the simple lifestyle of Nepal.

We offer wide selection of Trekking in different parts of Nepal. There are easy teaks lasting a few days to strenuous expeditions that take several weeks. One can trek along the beaten trails or the virgin tracks. One can trek up to the foot of the great Himalayan ranges or make a circuit of the highest mountains. There is something for everyone. Most of the trails follow the height between 800 - 3200 m and pass through the cultivated landscapes and dense settlements, where one can have a glimpse of the Nepalese people's life style and culture. One will encounter people in the mountain villages whose lives are untouched by modern civilization and have not been changed in generation. Trekking in Nepal is a unique experience and special kind of mountain holiday like in other part of the world. One will feel pleasure with nature and with oneself.


Nepal's most popular trek begins at the lakeside town of Pokhara and leads six or seven days north-west around the Annapurna Massif, through dramatic changes in landscape, climate and culture to the high village of Jomsom, near the isolated land of Mustang. Trekkers often continue on to the sacred shrine of Muktinath, near the 5,415 meter Thorang-La pass and down into the lovely valley of Manang. The route through Manang circles the Annapurna back to the Kathmandu-Pokhara highway. The Annapurna Circuit takes one through terraced hills, forests and alpine pastures and through the villages of a number of different cultures.

North of Pokhara is an area protected by the Annapurna Conservation Area Project, tucked beneath the southern slopes of the Annapurna Massif. The Sanctuary is an easy trek from Pokhara and takes one through some of Nepal's most lovely rhododendron forests to the Annapurna base camp. There are also numerous one or two day treks out of Pokhara town, where one can have views of Dhaulagiri, the Annapurna range, Manaslu and Ganesh Himal.

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The Khumbu region of Nepal is one of the best known treks in the world. This is the land of the Sherpa people and the world's great 8,000 meter peaks. Many trekkers walk in from the road head at Jiri, through the lovely rolling hills of the Solu region. Others fly in to the village of Lukla to start their trek. A few days above Lukla is the entrance to the Sagarmatha National Park and the town of Namche Bazaar, where most trekkers take a day to acclimatize to the high altitude. From here one may branch towards the village of Thame or continue on to take on of the two main Khumbu routes, to Gokyo Lake or towards the Everest base camp. Beyond Namche Bazaar is the Sherpa village of Khumjung and further on the famous monastery of Thyangboche. Here the Mani Rimdu festival of dances is celebrated every year.

On the far eastern border of Nepal lies Mt. Kanchenjunga. The valleys approaching the mountain base camp have been opened to trekking, specifically for organized treks. The long trek to the lap of Kanchenjunga takes one through some of the country's richest and most pristine forests. The region is quite uninhabited, so the visitor must bring along all food and camping equipment.

35 Nights / 36 Days

Maximum Height: 5140 m
Grade: 4

Day 01
Arrival and Hotel transfer and stay

Day 02
Sightseeing in Kathmandu

Day 03
Drive to Basantapur by bus and stay

Day 04
Trek to Chauki and stay

Day 05
Trek to Gufa Pokhari (2930 m) and stay

Day 06
Trek to Gurja Gaon and stay

Day 07
Trek to Dovan and stay

Day 08
Trek to Mitlung and stay

Day 09
Trek to Sinwua and stay

Day 10
Trek to Chirwa (1190 m) and stay

Day 11
Trek to Sakathum (1640 m) and stay

Day 12
Trek to Amjiassa (2490 m) and stay

Day 13
Trek to Gyabla and stay

Day 14
Trek to Ghunsa (3430 m) and stay

Day 15
Rest day in Ghunsa

Day 16
Trek to Khambachan (4040 m) and stay

Day 17
Trek to Lonak (4790 m) and stay

Day 18
Trek to Pangperma (5140 m) and stay

Day 19
Rest day in Pangperma

Day 20
Trek to Khambachan/ Tha Passes (depends on weather condition)

Day 21
Trek to Ghunsa and stay

Day 22
Trek to Lumba Sumba (4206 m) and stay

Day 23
Trek to Lapsang and stay

Day 24
Trek to Ramje (4620 m) and stay

Day 25
Rest day in Ramje

Day 26
Trek to Tseram (3870 m) and stay

Day 27
Trek to Torantan (2990 m) and stay

Day 28
Trek to Yamphudin and stay

Day 29
Trek to Khesua and stay

Day 30
Trek to Lali Kharkha and stay

Day 31
Trek to Suketar (2300 m) and stay

Day 32
Trek to Basantpur and stay

Day 33
Buffer day

Day 34
Drive to Kathmandu and stay

Day 35
Free day

Day 36
Airport transfer and departure

Trekking Option: Camping Only
Minimum Pax: 2

Meal Plan
Day 02, 35-36: Breakfast
Day 03-34: Breakfast, lunch & dinner

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Just north of Kathmandu are two lovely where one may experience Tamang and Sherpa life, temperate forest and alpine pastures, glaciers, lakes and snowy peaks. Helambu valley noted for its scenic grandeur and pleasant climate is just north of the Kathmandu Valley. One can stay in highland monastery villages and small settlements in pristine forests.

Above Helambu is a mountain pass the lakes of Gosainkunda to the valley of Langtang. Gosaikunda Lake itself is situated at 4,380 meters. It is sacred to Lord Shiva and every summer is the scene of an important pilgrimage. Nearby are other lakes including Nagkunda, Bhairavkunda, Saraswatikunda and Suryakunda. The trek passes through a varied landscape ranging from evergreen forests, cascading waterfalls and turbulent streams to sub alpine grasslands and stark, beautiful mountainsides.

Langtang valley stretches north of Gosainkunda. One travels through pristine forests to the village of Ghoda Tabela, then the valley opens out into a high, Himalayan river plain full of beautiful camping sites, spectacular peaks and wide glaciers. One can hike to the back of the valley or take numerous optional trips to explore glacier-filled side canyons.


Manaslu Trekking is a well-loved trekking route, providing with pristine mountain views, rich culture and genuine adventure sum up the trek experience around the 8156 m Manaslu. Opened in 1992, this area offers a combination of rich culture heritage, unsurpassed.

20 Nights / 21 Days

Maximum Height: 5213 m
Grade: 4

Day 01
Arrival and Hotel transfer and stay

Day 02
Sightseeing in Pashupati Nath, Bouddha Nath, Swoyambhu Nath, and Patan Durbar Square

Day 03
Drive to Arughat and stay

Day 04
Trek to Sheti Khola and stay

Day 05
Trek to Khorla Beshi and stay

Day 06
Trek to Jagat (1410 m) and stay

Day 07
Trek to Peng and stay

Day 08
Trek to Namrong and stay

Day 09
Trek to Sho and stay

Day 10
Trek to Sama and stay

Day 11
Rest day

Day 12
Trek to Larke Beshi and stay

Day 13
Trek to Bimtang and stay

Day 14
Trek to Tilije and stay

Day 15
Trek to Dharapani (1943 m) and stay

Day 16
Trek to Taal and stay

Day 17
Trek to Jagat and stay

Day 18
Trek to Bahundanda (1400 m) and stay

Day 19
Trek to Besisahar and stay

Day 20
Drive to Kathmandu and stay

Day 21
Airport transfer and departure


Rolwaling trekking is one of Nepal's finest high mountain valleys West of the Khumhu, directly on the Tibetan frontier there is a wild, lonely high valley the "Rolwaling" which is called simply "the grave" by the indigenous Sherpa's on account of its location – buried.

23 Nights / 24 Days

Maximum Height: 5700 m
Grade: 4+

Day 01
Arrival and Hotel transfer and stay

Day 02
Sightseeing in Pashupati Nath, Bouddha Nath, Swoyambhu Nath, and Patan Durbar Square

Day 03
Drive to Dolakha and stay

Day 04
Trek to Suri Doban (1030 m) and stay

Day 05
Trek to Jagat (1150 m) and stay

Day 06
Trek to Simigaun (1990 m) and stay

Day 07
Trek to Kharka (3000 m) and stay

Day 08
Trek to Beding (3690 m) and stay

Day 09
Trek to Na (4180 m) and stay

Day 10
Rest day

Day 11
Trek to Kabug near lake (4561 m) and stay

Day 12
Trek to Tashi Lapcha fedi (5500 m) and stay

Day 13
Trek to Ngole (5110 m) via Tashi Lapcha pass (5700 m) and stay

Day 14
Trek to Thame (3820 m) and stay

Day 15
Trek to Namche bazaar (3440 m) and stay

Day 16
Trek to Dole (4200 m) and stay

Day 17
Trek to Machhermo (4410 m) and stay

Day 18
Trek to Gokyo (4790 m) and stay

Day 19
Trek to Gokyo Ri (5320 m) and back to Machhermo and stay

Day 20
Trek to Dole and stay

Day 21
Trek to Namche Bazaar and stay

Day 22
Trek to Lukla and stay

Day 23
Fly to Kathmandu and stay

Day 24
Airport transfer and departure

Trekking Option: Camping only
Minimum Pax: 2

Meal Plan
Day 02, 35-36: Breakfast
Day 03-34: Breakfast, lunch & dinner


Mustang trekking is one of Nepal's most mysterious and least known kingdoms. The landscape of Mustang is a barren moonscape of eroded sandstone pillars and discontinuous moraine terraces, which together present a colorful mosaic made up principally.

Paragliding is relatively new adventure sport in Nepal. Paragliding in this Himalayan country can be a truly wonderful and fulfilling experience for the adventure seekers. You can experience unparalleled scenic grandeur as you share airspace with Himalayan griffin vultures, eagles, kites, while floating over villages, monasteries, temples, lakes and jungles, with a fantastic view of the majestic Himalayas. Paragliding provides opportunity to observe life and nature from air.

The last three years have seen the activity flourish in Pokhara, and it now is an internationally recognized destination for free-flight enthusiasts.

Suggested Itinerary

Day 01
Drive or flight to Pokhara from Kathmandu. Overnight at hotel

Day 02
A short hike to Sarankot 1590 m which is panoramic view point

Day 03
Paragliding tour

Day 04
Sightseeing in Pokhara valley

Day 05
Drive or flight to Kathmandu

Day 06
Drive or flight to Pokhara from Kathmandu

Day 07
Ultra light excursion from Pokhara airport

Day 08
Sightseeing in Pokahra city

Day 09
Drive or flight to Kathmandu

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Trekking trip to the mountains either because of lack time or physical fitness, or due to sheer want of the adventure streak, there are mountain flights to simulate the experience. For millennia, the Himalayas have had a grip on the world's imagination. The sheer majesty and grandeur of the lofty, snow-capped mountains have inspired awe, curiosity and reverence. Tens of thousands of visitors from the world over come to Nepal annually, as English climber George Leigh Mallory would say, because they are there. But not all who visit the Himalayan kingdom can afford the time and the stamina to be on the mountains. You can, however, afford to be with us on our exhilarating Himalayan Spectacular that shows you the mountains from the closest range possible.


The one hour flight takes you within camera range of some of the highest peaks in the world, and cruising this close to the awe-inspiring massifs of rock and ice, is an out-of-this earth experience. The aircraft takes off and heads eastward and almost immediately, the peaks come into view. The first peak that appears on your horizon is the majestic Gosaithan, standing 8,013 m tall. To its left, appears Dorje Lhakpa (6,966 m), looking like a massive figure of 8, lying prone and covered in snow. To its left is Phurbi Chyachu, which looms over the Kathmandu Valley.

Next on your vision is Choba Bhamare, rather small in this company at 5,933 m, but singularly stubborn as it remains unconquered to this day. Then comes Mt. Gaurishanker (7,134 m), standing out sharp and conspicuous-Hindus believe that Lord Shiva and his consort Parvati protect this mountain. As the flight move toward the eastern Himalaya, a succession of majestic mountains follows. Melungtse, with a plateau-like top stand at 7,023m; Chugimago is at 6,297 m, and still remains to be scaled. Mt. Numbur stands at 6,956 m. Then, Karyolung, a gleaming-white mountain at 6,511 m, and cho-Oyu, the sixth highest in the world at 8,021 m.

The last and most exciting stretch of the journey takes you close to the 7,952 m tall Gyanchungkang, which is considered an extremely tough climb. To its left is Pumori at 7,161 m and Nuptse at 7,855 m. Finally, there is Mt. Everest itself (8,848 m), called Sagarmatha by the Nepalese and Chomolungma by the Tibetans. It is an altogether different feeling as one comes face to face with the world's tallest and most enigmatic of mountains. Mountain flights are also conducted from Pokhara.

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Helicopters and Aircraft are also available for charter use, especially for group treks and expeditions. STOL (Short Take Off and Landing) airstrips are located throughout the country. Flights from Kathmandu reveal the eastern Himalaya.

Flights from Pokhara take you on a bird's eye view of the western Himalaya. In just a short time, you will be experiencing the Himalayas at such close range it will seem as though you could reach out and touch them. There before your eyes is the world's tallest mountain, Everest at 8848 m (29,028 ft).

Among spectacular panoramic views of the 850 mountains over 6000 meters (19,680 ft), you will see Kanchenjunga (8586 m / 28,162 ft), Makalu (8463 m / 27,766 ft), Lothse (8400 m / 27,940 ft) and Manaslu (8165 m / 26,781 ft). This is a sure way to touch any visitor's heart and to give great pleasure.


Ultra light aircraft was introduced in Nepal in 1996, and the tour operator like us has been offering sightseeing tours in the Pokhara valley. The choice of Pokhara for ultra-light aircraft is appropriate chiefly because of the proximity of the mountain and the scenic lakes. For those who wish they could fly like birds, this flight is a must. Leave your woes behind on earth, soar to heights, bathe in the clouds, reach out for the mountains and kiss the azure sky. It might be lonely at the top, but the spectacular view from high up there certainly makes up for everything.

We operate flights from the Pokhara airport beginning September through June. The flights take place from sunrise to 11 am and from 3 pm to sunset every day during these mounts.

Three different routes are taken:
  1. Fly for Fun
  2. Touch the Fish Tail
  3. Mountain Range Sky Trek

Itinerary in Detail

Day 01
Drive or flight to Pokhara from Kathmandu.

Day 02
Ultra light excursion from Pokhara airport.

Day 03
Sightseeing in Pokahra city.

Day 04
Drive or flight to Kathmandu.

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