Haryana Tour | Haryana Tourist Places | Delhi NCR Hotel

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Haryana - Quick Facts

State Capital: Chandigarh
Area: 44212 km2
Population: 25,353,081
Altitude: 228m/748 ft
Clothing: Summer- Light cotton, Winter- Heavy woollen
Season: October to March
Climate - summer - 200C-410C, Winter - 120C-300C
Rainfall: 617 mm average
Highest Location - Morni
Highest Point - 4,003 ft
Languages: Hindi, Haryanvi, Punjabi
Best Time To Visit - Winter- october, Nov & March
Religions: Hindu,Muslim,Christian,Sikh,Jain

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Haryana became a state of India on November 1, 1966. The present day Haryana is the region where, along the banks of the River Saraswati, the Vedic Civilization began and matured. It was here that the Vedas were written, as the Aryans chanted their sacred Mantras. Replete with myths and legends, Haryana's 5000 year old history is steeped in glory. It was here that Lord Krishna preached Bhagvad-Gita at the start of the battle of Mahabharat. It was on this soil that saint Ved Vyas wrote Mahabharat in Sanskrit. Before the Mahabharat war, a battle of ten kings took place in the Kurukshetra region in the Saraswati valley. But it was the Mahabharat War, approximately in 900 BC, which gave to the region worldwide fame. Mahabharat knows Haryana as Bahudhhanyaka, land of plentiful grains and Bahudhana, the land of immense riches. The word Hariana occurs in a 1328 AD Sanskrit inscription kept in the Delhi Museum, which refers to the Haryana region as the heaven on earth.

Excavations of various archeological sites in Haryana, like Naurangabad and Mittathal in Bhiwani, Kunal in Fatehbad, Agroha near Hissar, Rakhi Garhi (Rakhigarhi) in Jind, Sites in Rukhi (Rohtak) and Banawali in Sirsa have evidence of pre-Harappan and Harappan culture. Findings of pottery, sculpture and jewellery in sites at Pehowa, Kurukshetra, Tilpat and Panipat have proved the historicity of the Mahabharat war. These places are mentioned in the Mahabharat as Prithudaka (Pehowa), Tilprastha (Tilput), Panprastha (Panipat) and Sonprastha (Sonipat. Haryana has been the scene of many wars because of it being "The Gateway of North India". As years rolled by, successive streams of Huns, Turks and the Afghans invaded India and decisive battles were fought on this land. After the downfall of the Gupta empire in the middle of 6th century AD north India was again split into several kingdoms. The Huns established their supremacy over the Punjab. It was after this period that one of the greatest King of ancient India, Harshvardhan began his rule. He became the King of Thanesar (Kurukshetra) in 606 AD, and later went on to rule the most of north India. In the 14th century, the Tomar kings led an army through this region to Delhi.


By Air

The nearest Airport is at Delhi. The complex is a 35 minute drive from the Indira Gandhi International Airport. 25 km from Palam Airport.

By Rail

Delhi is the nearest Railway junction. Faridabad and Gurgaon are both linked to Delhi via Railway lines. From each of these stations travel to Surajkund has to be done by car/cab/tourist coach.

By Road

Haryana is well connected to Delhi, Gurgaon and Faridabad district head quarter towns by mettalled road Approachable by tour coaches, tourist taxis, own conveyance.
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The Surajkund Crafts Mela has grown equally famous for the rhythms of folk theatre: It resonates with the formal notes of the classical genre: The heady rhythms of percussion instruments: The ballads of singing minstrels: The clebration of the simple joys of rural life and reverence of epic traditions all mingle well. All these colourful events are also presented before the audience in the open-air-theatre named Natyashala.

The fortnight long celebrations also come as a food festival. Some of the popular food traditions from Punjab come at the Punjabi 'Rasoi'. South Indian delicacies come in from South Indian Section. Popular Chinese and snack foods also arrive for the event along with special stalls where patrons are introduced to the traditional foods and sweet meats of the selected Theme State.

Some of the most deligtful crafts collections of the Mela arrive from practically all over the country. In wood and cane come inlay work, rose wood carving, sandal wood from Punjab and South India. Chiki wood craft of Kashmir and some very fine cane craft come from West Bengal and North Eastern States. Delcate sholapith and shital patti work come from Assam and West Bengal. The phulkari of Punjab, the Banjara and Banni embroidery of Gujarat and Rajasthan, the Kantha traditions from West Bengal and Tripura, lace and crochet from Goa, the Suzni of Kashmir and Mirror encasing work along with the traditional chikan work of Lucknow delight.Oxidized jewellery, sea shell decorations and agate stone work delight as also do delicate gold work and chunky silver jewellery. Toys in wood and cane, ply and mud make the young thrill with joy. Some of the fine phad paintings of Rajasthan, the kalamkari of Andhra and Karnataka, temple paintings of Orissa, madhubani of Bihar, fascinate. In the metal section tribal dhora work, classical south Indian metal work, glittering brass ware, bell metal and iron craft delight collectors. In the field of woven textiles some of the finest silk work of Orissa, Patola, Bandhini of Gujarat and Rajasthan, Ikat, Kanjeevaram, Dharmavaram and temple silks of South India vie for attention with the most simple cottons of West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and tribal textiles of North East India as also do the handloom of Haryana. The Various Crafts particpated in the Mela every year.


Surajkund Craft Mela a collector’s pride and a shopper’s delight!

Surajkund lies 8km from south Delhi. The resort is easily accessible by road. Organizing every year from 1st to 15th February, As spring glides in full of warmth and vibrancy leaving the cold and grey winter behind. Suraj Kund dons itself in colorful traditional crafts of India. About 350 National and State craft persons from all over the country & abroad assemble at the Surajkund Crafts Mela who display their crafts. It is now an international recognized event that showcases the finest handlooms and handicrafts traditions of India.Day performers like jugglers, drummers, puppet show, men and folk dancers perform at the small stages set up within the Mela grounds, at the “Chaupal” Evenings are reserved for folk dances and music at the open air theatre name “Natyashala”. There is no entry fee here.

The Event

The mela is hosted by the Surajkund Mela Authority comprising the Union Ministries of Tourism, Textiles and Haryana Tourism every year from 1st to 15th February.

The Venue

Mysterious, Magical, Mystical, striking, idyllic, rural ambience supplemented by folk traditions, painted motifs and rustic forms at Surajkund Mela area.

Origin of Mela
SurajKund, situated 8 kilometers from south Delhi, owes its name and perhaps its very existence to a historic and ancient amphitheatre sun pool dating back to the 10th century, the remains of which can still be seen here. Historians tell us that this area once fell under the domain for the Tomar Icon. Raja Suraj Pal. One of the chieftains of the chieftains of this clan of sun worshipers, had a sun pool built in this area, It is after this sun pool that this complex has been named SurajKund. The Mela began in 1987. Initial images were of display huts, the chaupal, the eating area, the meandering waterway and its little bridges. Against this background, the Mela is held every year. So far 18 States of India have participated as Theme States.


Kurukshetra

Kurukshetra in ancient times was situated between the two sacred rivers, Saraswati on the North and Drishadvati on the South. Its location then was not confined to the modern Kurukshetra as it exists today and it encompassed a wider area comprising 48 Kosas or 92 miles on a circuit covering the five Districts of the State of Haryana Kurukshetra, Karnal, Kaithal, Panipat and Jind.History remembers Mahabharata not for its battle alone but for the song celestial "Bhagwad Gita" which is believed to have been delivered by Lord Krishna himself to Arjuna on the battlefield of Kurukshetra. In ancient times, the glory of Kurukshetra had spread far and wide. A 5th century AD inscription found at Laos, begins with an invocation of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva and mentions the greatness of place called Kurukshetra. The King of Laos, Devanika-wanted to build a city called "New Kurukshetra"

Brahma sarovar (Obeisance for salvation)


Brahma sarovar, as the name suggests, is associated with Lord Brahma, the creator of the Universe. Since times immemorial, Kurukshetra has been the venue of the great purification ceremonies for moksha (salvation) for pilgrims from the four corners of the country. The Matsya purana and Padma Purana, ancient Hindu text tell us that if an individual takes a holy dip in the sacred tanks of Kurukshetra, on the occasion of a Solar Eclipse, he attains the merits of a thousand Ashwamedha Yajna. The last Solar Eclipse held on 19th March, 2007 at Kurukshetra witnesses more than a million pilgrims from India and abroad visiting the banks of Brahma Sarovar for a holy dip. It is believed that the Mughal Emperor Akbar, accompanied by his court historian Abul Fazal, too visited Kurukshetra during the Solar Eclipse in 1567. Abul Fazal's Akbarnama refers to the Eclipse in Kurukshetra and the piligrims bathing in the Brahma Sarovar. The French traveller Francois Bernier of the Mughal Emperor Shajehan's era also mentions the sacred tanks of Kurukshetra.The word Brahma means nucleus or gigantic. Brahma Sarovar happens to be the largest man made tank in India. On seeing this huge water body, Abul Fazal, the famous historian called a ‘miniature ocean'.

Kurukshetra City of Parks

Nature has always been worshiped in the Hindu mythology; from animals to birds all have their own sanctity in the religion so ancient. No wonder the land which is so highly revered amongst the Hindus has now been beautifully dotted by dexterously built and designed parks. Purushottam Park, Harsh- Vardhan Park and Tapovan Park are some of the verdure attractions of the place, a refreshing evening or morning stroll can definitely rejuvenate your spirits.

Sheikh Chehli's Tomb (a symbol of religious harmony)

It is a beautiful monument of medieval times. It contains the mortal remains of the great Sufi saint Abudul-Karim popularly known as Sheikh Chehli, who was also the spiritual teacher of the scholar prince Dara Shikoh, son of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jehan.

Built of buff sandstone, the tomb is crowned by a pear shaped dome of marble on a high circular drum. The cenotaph of the revered saint is in the centre of the chamber while the graves rests in the lower. Another tomb of sand stone with a dome of marble decorated with floral designs is situated on the western wall of the enclosure. It is said to be Sheikh Chehli's wife. The beautiful monument resembles the Taj Mahal and in view of its architectural and historical importance, has been declared as a 'protected monument' of national importance by the Archaeological Survey of India.

Haryana's history has been synonymous with religious tolerance and communal harmony. During the Sultanate period, (C-1206-1526 A.D.), Haryana witnessed the growth of Sufism on its soil. The earliest seat of this order in this region-the Chistis, named after its founder, the great Sufi saint Mouiniddin Chisti had its centre at Hansi. Thanesar and Panipat also emerged as important centres of Sufism.

Archeological sites (Harsh Ka Tila)


Near the fort complex, an impressive mound, popularly known as Harsha Ka Tila exists. Here recent excavations have brought to light many hidden layers of Indian history ranging from early historical times to late Mughals. Quite a few Jain and Brahmanical sculptures and architectural fragments have been found

Raja Karan Ka Tila


The mound has yielded some objects of historic importance; these include relics of Harappan period, painted Grey Ware, a mould for printing of cloth, a double inkpot and a large step-well

Sri Krishna Museum


Situated near Brahma Sarovar and set up by the Kurukshetra Development Board, it is one of the finest museums on the theme of Krishna. It has a collection of wide variety of beautiful sculptures, paintings and other artistic creations relating to the legend of Krishna .The Sri Krishna Museum comprises of six galleries in which a variety of art objects such as wood carvings, metal castings, ivory carvings, miniature paintings, palm leaf etches, illustrated manuscripts, tableaux depicting facets of life and exploits of Sri Krishna have been displayed.Paintings of the Kangra and Madhubani styles, pattachitra-folk paintings of Orissa depicting scenes from Mahabharata have been prominently displayed.At the entrance of the Sri Krishna Museum , visitors are greeted by splendid sculpture of Ganesh in a dancing mudra (posture).

Buddhist Monuments & Remains in Greater Kurukshetra

The holy land of Kurukshetra has been a witness to moment’s events of historical, cultural and religious importance. During Budda's time, the king of Kurus was called Koravya, and his debates with the elder Rattahpala, also a scion of the noble family of Kurus, are emobodied I the Rattahapala Satta (The Buddhist Taxt). The famous Buddhist nuns Nanduttrara and Mittakali also belonged to this place. According to Dipavamsa Buddha went to a town of the Kuru region and recerved alms on the bands of Anotatta Lake, which he crossed. Udena's queen Magandiya belonged to the land of the Kurus, and Aggidatta, the prist of the Kosala king, lived on the boundary between the Kuru, Ariga and Magadha regions, and was honoured by the people of these kingdoms for forming his dutied honorably and efficiently. The Chullavagga mentions Aggalpura (Agroha) as a stronghold of Buddhism while the Miaya Pitaka recounts the visit of renowned physican Juvaka to the town of Rohtak. From the Somanassa Jataka it appears that at one time the Kuru kingdoms exteneded as far as Uttarapanchala, a town in the Kuruattha with Renu as its king.

Jyotisar


One of the most revered placed of Dharama-Kshetra Kuruskhetra is Jyotisar. It is here under the holy banyan tree that Lord Krishna is believed to have delivered the eternal message of Bhagawad Gita to Arjuna before the commencement of the battle of Mahabharata.

The word Jyotisar constitutes of two parts - "Jyoti" meaning light and "Sar" meaning "tank" and "essence". Thus Jyotisar, symbolically signifies the essence of enlightenment.A beautiful marble chariot depicting Lord Krishna delivered the eternal message of Gita to Arjuna, canopied by a Banyan tree exists at the site. Recently, a Sound and Light Show, on the theme of Bhagawad Gita has been mounted by ITDC and Haryana Tourism at Jyotisar. This show tries to capture the drama of Mahabharata with special emphasis on the teaching of Bhagawad Gita.

Chandi Mandir

It lies some 10 km from Mata Mansa Devi shrine. It is a small but famous temple worshipped as a Siddh Peeth- (a place where wishes are granted). It is after this temple that the town of Chandigarhgetsits its name. The temple falls on the Chandigarh- Kalka stretch of the national highway number 22. The Navratras sees thousands of devotees thronging to the temple.

Further along this highway the runis of the Bhima Devi temple lie in the small hamlet of Pinjore. This is a picturesque location built on the rising foot hills of the Shiwalik Mountains. The Bima Devi temple is an archaeological site that dates to the 11th century AD and projects the Panchayatan style of temple architecture. The temple is currently in runis. However, effort is on to design a site museum here to display the findings of the area.

Kalka


The town lies on the Ambala-Shimla national highway. It forms the last stretch in Haryana, after which the highway passes into Himachal Pradesh. On this highway, lies the famous temple of Kalka Devi. Built on austere lines, the temple boasts of a large following in the area with special festivities held in the days of Navratra
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You have discerning eyes, shopping in Haryana can turn out to be delightful experience. The craftsmen of Haryana make a variety of beautiful handicrafts. The handloom of Haryana has gained nationwide fame and is a must-buy item for those who want to do shopping in Haryana.

Other important shopping items in Haryana
 

•        "Phulkari" Shawls and ‘Punja Durrie’
•        Jewellery
•        Brass & Metal ware
•        Leather Craft (Tilla Juttis)
•        Terracotta, Ceramics
•        Mudha / Basketry
•        Block Printed and Embroidered fabric
•        Dolls & Soft Toys
•        Sandal, Bone, Wood Carving
•        Peedha Making
•        Jute Craft
•        Carpets
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Ambala | Faridabad | Gurgaon | Hissar | Karnal | Kurukshetra | Panipat | Rohtak | Yamunanagar.
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